Komunikadu da Imprenza: Krime Organizadu iha Timor-Leste

Fundasaun Mahein 19 Agostu 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Krime Organizadu iha Timor-Leste

Journal Semanal, Tempo Semanal iha loron 13 Agostu 2010, halo publikasaun konaba sidadaun Indonezia nain rua nebe’e involve iha kazu droga depois PNTL kaptura ona sira no agora daudaun iha prosesu investigasaun nia laran. Kazu ida ne’e indika  katak krime organizadu agora dadaun komesa akontese iha Timor-Leste.

Krime organizadu nudar aktividades ilegal  (ou krime) nebe komete husi ema ida-idak no/ou organizasaun nebe involde inteligensia no kapital financeiro nebe involve iha negosiasaun ilegal ho nivel sopistikado nebe a’as. Krime organizadu inklui, alem de buat seluk, maka hanesan trafiku humanu, aktividades krime nebe luan, negosiasaun elektroniku ilegais, prostituisaun, money laundring, hatama drogra, no terorismu, no grupu ilegal profesional nebe kontrolado, naok vehiklu, halo asaltu, obriga ema ho bisnis sira selu ba proteksaun siguransa, no buat seluk tan.

Krime organizadu normalmente akontese iha fatin hirak nebe bele garantia fo benefisiu material no mos vantagem financeiru. Orsamentu Geral Estadu Timor-Leste ba tinan 2010 hamutuk USD 837.981.000 aumenta tan ho pakote orsamentu ba projeitu desenvolvimentu hanesan Pakote Referendum no Pakote Desenvolvimentu Desantralizsaun. Orsamentu Estadu ne’ebe ho montante boot tebes sei kria potensia boot hodi bele atraku krime organizadu no bele halo Timor-Leste nudar fatin diak para krime organizadu bele buras. Hare husi osan barak ne’ebe sulin, bele aumenta krime organizadu iha Timor-Leste.

Iha parte seluk, iha mos estimasaun katak laiha sistema seguransa ida ke integradu, depois foin dadaun maka estebelese mekanismu  border pass nebe lansa husi guvernu Indonezia no Timor-Leste, bele mos kontribui ba (no loke dalan ba) krime organizadu iha Timor-Leste.

Tuir Fundasaun Mahein (FM) nia observasaun katak krime organizadu nebe mosu iha Timor-Leste ho forma trafiku humanu, prostituisaun, no faan drogra. Krime hirak ne’e akontese tia ona no aumenta ba bebeik, desde aprovasaun de Orsamentu Geral de Estadu iha 2008 to’o agora.

Iha loron 8 Outubru 2008 Konselhu Ministru RDTL approva ona konaba dekreitu Lei kona ba Regulasaun Kompitisaun Sosial, Dekreitu Lei investementu privadu, Diploma presu kombustivel nian.  Iha Dekreitu Lei sira ne’e inklui regula/bandu transfere osan illegal, money laundrering, fa’an droga no seluk tan.

FM  fiar katak operasaun Krime Organizadu iha Timor-Leste bele fo amesa ba poder governu nian no mos ameasa ba seguransa publiku. Krime organizadu nebe la resolve, bele mos impata desenvolvimentu iha Timor-Leste. Tuir Fundasaun Mahein nian hanoin katak dekretu lei nebe guvernu Timor-Leste pasa tiha ona seidauk suficiente wainhira enfrenta ho krime organizadu nebe agora dadaun akontese iha Timor-Leste.

Tamba ne’e, Fundasaun Mahein rekomenda katak guvernu temke halo investigasaun ida Kle’an, halo audit ba kompanha nasional no internasional ne’ebe agora dadaun halao sira nia kna’ar iha Timor-Leste ne’ebe konsideira iha potensia involve iha trafiku humanu, negosiasaun ilegal no krime sira seluk nebe mensiona iha leten.  Inkuli mos trablahadores internasional sira nebe tama sai Timor-Leste, oinsa hare fila-fali kona ba sira nia servius, no mos sira nia organizasaun nia historia.

FM rekomenda ba guvernu presiza kria sistema siguransa integradu iha area rai ketan Timor-Leste ho Indonezia, prosesu estabelese sistema ida ne’e loas deit invovel  guarda froteira husi nasaun rau deit, maibe lideransa komunidade sira ne’ebe hela iha area rai ketan iha rai rua ne’e. Sistema ida mos kria fahe no transfere data konaba ema sira ne’ebe potensial duni deskonfia nudar agenti ba krime organizadu ne’ebe halo operasaun iha Timor-Leste no mos Indonezia. Ho meus sira ne’e hotu, guvernu hatene didiak lideransa komunidade ho guarda fronteira ne’ebe involve iha sistema integradu ne’e i laos fo suporta maximu ho salariu naton, maibe mos tenki iha mekanismu monitorin ida ne’ebe diak. Ho monitorin ne’e sei ajuda prevene Grupu Krime Organizadu sira husi hahalok korupsaun ka halo inflitrasaun iha sistema  atu nune’e sistema ne’e bele kontra hasoru aktividade ilegal hosi dalan ne’ebe asesu ba osan boot. Iha sorin seluk, FM rekomenda ba guvernu Timor-Leste atu identifika didiak ema sira ne’ebe uza Border Pass, ka Passaporte, atu bele hatene diak konaba sira nia dokumentus i bele satan krime organizadu sira seluk labele falsifika border pass, ka passaporte hodi tama sai Timor-Leste.

Ikus mai, FM rekomenda ba governu RDTL atu servisu hamutuk ho Banku internasional hanesan ANZ, Banku Mandiri, Bank Nacional Ultramarino ka banku seluk ne’ebe iha Timor-Leste hodi bele  kria sistema siguransa iha administrasaun banku nian, hodi labele fasilita ba Krime Organizadu sira  hodi halo pratika “money laundering”.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com ,

tlp +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein 19 August 2010

Press Release

Organized Crime in Timor-Leste

Weekly News Paper, Tempo Semanal recently (August 13, 2010) wrote an article about the two Indonesian citizens arrested for selling illegal drugs in Timor-Leste. Both suspects are currently under judicial investigation. This case indicates that organized crime is presently operating in Timor-Leste.

Organized crimes are illegal activities (or crimes) committed by individuals and/or organizations with intelligence and with financial capital involving illegal transactions with a high level of sophistication. They include, among others, human trafficking, widespread criminal activities, illegal electronic transactions, prostitution, money laundering, drug smuggling, and terrorism, and controlling groups of professional thieves, stealing of vehicles, assault, extortion rackets, etc.

Organized crime normally occurs in places where their benefactors can secure lots of material and financial gains. In 2010 Timor-Leste’s State budget ratification amount was USD 837.981.000 million in addition to several different financial packages for development projects such as the Referendum and Desentralization Development packages. The large amount of the State budget has the potential to attract organized crime and hence may make Timor-Leste a breeding ground where organized crime can thrive. Seeing the large amount of cash flow, might increase organized crime in Timor-Leste.

On the other side, it is also estimated that the absence of an integrated security system, only recently established with the Border Pass scheme launched between the governments of Timor-Leste and Indonesia, may have contributed to (and paved the way) for  organized crimes in Timor-Leste.

According to  Fundasaun Mahein (FM), it is observed that many organized crimes have taken place in Timor-Leste in the form of human trafficking, prostitution, and drug-dealing. These crimes have occurred and gradually increased, since the approval of the 2008 State budget until this present.

In October 8, 2008- the RDTL Council of Ministers, approved a number of decree laws such as the Decree Law on Private Investment, Social Competition, and Diploma on the Pricing of Consumables.  All of these decree laws prohibit crimes such as the illegal transfer of money, drug-dealing, and money laundering.

FM  believes that the operation of organized crimes in Timor-Leste undermines goverment authority because of the threat it poses to public security.  The unsettled organized crime issue, will also hamper the development process in Timor-Leste. It is also the opinion of Fundasaun Mahein that the decree laws passed by Timor-Leste government remain insufficient in dealing with organized crime currently involved in Timor-Leste.

Therefore, it is at the recommendation of Fundasaun Mahein that the government conducts a thorough investigation, auditing all national and international companies operating in Timor-Leste which are believed to have potentially been involved in human trafficking, illegal transactions and other crimes as mentioned above. This also involves an oversight of the activities of foreign workers in Timor-Leste, conducting background-checks of the foreign workers travelling in to, and out of Timor-Leste as well as the background of the organizations with which they work.

FM also recommends the government creates an integrated system of security along the border between Timor-Leste and Indonesia; a process which involves not only the officials of the border control in both countries, but also the community leaders living along the frontiers of both countries. A system must be established to share and transfer data and information as to the potential suspects of organized crimes that might be operating in both countries. As part of this effort, the government should ensure that those involved, not only receive efficient support, and decent wages, but also have a proper oversight mechanism.  These actions will help prevent organized crime groups from corrupting and infiltrating the system meant to counteract their activities, by way of their access to large amounts of cash.  Furthermore, it is also recommended that the government of Timor-Leste carefully identify those using Border Passes and Passports, to ensure the credibility of their documents and prevent the entry of individuals with falsified documents in to, and out of Timor-Leste.

Finally, it is also at the recommendation of FM that the Timor-Leste government should work with international banks such as ANZ, Bank Mandiri, and Bank Nacional Ultramarino to create an administrative security system preventing the practice of money laundering by those involved in organized crime.

For further information please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director Fundasaun Mahein

www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com ,

tlp +670 737 4222

2 Responses

  1. dear, Mr. Nelson I would like to be a member of this this network maybe I could be write interesting article to this web

    I so very interest read all the article in fact and accuracy the style of those article writer is credible
    cheer, Marcelino

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