Komunikadu Imprenza Se Mak iha Dereitu Liu Tuir Lei Bele Lori Kilat iha Timor-Leste?

Fundasaun Mahein, 25 Novembru 2010

Komunikadu Imprenza

Se Mak iha Dereitu Liu Tuir Lei Bele Lori Kilat iha Timor-Leste?

Istoria Timor-Leste nakonu ho torturasaun ou violensia tanba kilat nia hahalok. Golpe 1975, akontecementu 1999, 4 dezembru 2002, krizi 2006, ho 11 Febreiru 2008 kontinua nafatin sai sasin iha Timor-Leste nia istoria katak koalia konaba kilat sai problema boot.

Tuir regulamentu UNTAET/REG/2001/19, 21 Juli 2001, sita  katak antes ONU transfere poder soberanu ba Timor-Leste iha 2002, UN sosa ona pistol hamutuk 750 ba PNTL. Agora dadaun asesor legal UNMIT Andre Thorsen  iha nia aprezentasaun   power point versaun Tetun “Ema ida ne’ebe hetan lisensa bele uza kilat bainhira hala’o serbisu nudar investigador privadu ka guarda seguransa so bainhira nia hetan autorizasaun atu kaer kilat tuir lei ne’ebe vigora”. Tamba apresentasaun ne’e hakerek iha Tetun e FM konsidera Tetun ne’e Timor nia lian offisial tan ne’e saida mak hakerek iha lian ne’e nebe’e apresenta iha momentu neba los nia. Se Asesora ne’e nega, tamba sa maka presentasaun power point ne’e hakerek iha Tetun i mos uza bandeira nasional?

FM rezeita tebes ba steitmentu asesor UNMIT, publikasaun media Timor Post edisaun Kinta, (25/11) ne’ebe nega katak la koalia guarda siguransa privadu bele kaer kilat, ne’e hanesan lifuan ne’ebe lalos tanba iha aprezentasaun liu husi Power Point versaun Tetun “Second Roundtable Discussion on Private Security Council” semana kotuk iha ETDA-Komoro-Dili hatudu momos katak peritus UNMIT ne’e sujere ba governu atu kria lei hodi regula kompania seguransa sivil atu uza kilat no armas

Tuir Konstituisaun RDTL, artigu  146  alinea 1 to’o 3  no artigu 147 alinea 1 to’o 3 la koalia konaba ema sivil atu uza kilat ka armas, maibe ba instituisaun F-FDTL no PNTL deit mak bele uza kilat atu fo garantia soberania nasaun foun ida ne’e. Nune’e mos Lei Defeza Nasional iha artigu 4 alinea 1 ne’ebe  dehan katak  kompetensia militar ba Defeza Nasional sei kaer kilat, ho eskluzivu, husi F-FDTL, mak garante defeza militar ba RDTL, tuir no termus sira husi artigu 146, konsituisaun nian, maibe tau bandu ba asosiasaun armada sira no asosiasaun sira ho tipu militar, militarizada ka paramilitar

Ho ida ne’e, Fundasaun Mahein ne’ebe durante hala’o monitorizasaun no Peskiza ba seitor siguransa no defeza iha timor leste kondena maka’as proposta ka hanoin husi peritus UNMIT ne’ebe sujere ba governu no estadu Timor-Leste atu ema sivil uza kilat no armas.

Fundasaun Mahein mos fo nia posizaun konkorda ba steitmentu ne’ebe mai husi Prezidenti da Republika, Jose  Ramos Horta, Primeiru Ministru,  Xanana Gusmão inklui Segundu Komandante F-FDTL, Brigadeiru Jeneral Lere Anan Timor , Sekertairu Estadu Defeza, Julio Tomas Pinto ne’ebe la konkorda ho hanoin ka proposta husi peritus UNMIT nian.  FM kontente ho steimentu husi lideransa sira ne’e no FM  propoin ba governu atu kontinua halo debate publiku konaba asuntu kilat e husu governu atu hasai kilat boot  hanesan (riffle) husi PNTL no uza deit pistoal, e kilat boot sira ne’e tenki F-FDTL maka uza, I guarda siguransa privadu labele uza kilat.

FM rekomenda ba Guvernu Timor-Leste atu kria mekanismu dia ba institusaun F-FDTL ho PNTL atu manaija kilat ho diak hodi labele uza sala hodi viola lei ho ordem iha Timor-Leste.

Nélson Belo

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:  +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, 25 November 2010

Press Release

Who Has the Right According to the Law of to carry Weapons in Timor Leste?

The history of Timor-Leste has been full of torture and violence because of weapons. Incidents such as in 1975 decolonization, 1999 referendum, 4 December 2002, 2006 crisis, and the 11 February 2008 attacks are evidence of events in Timor-Leste’s history where weapons caused big problems in this country.

According to regulation UNTAET/REG/2001/19, passed on 21 July 2001, before the UN transferred sovereignty power to Timor-Leste in 2002, the UN bought 750 pistols all together for PNTL. Recently the second “Roundtable Discussion on Private Security Companies” was held at ETDA in Comoro.  One of the presenters was a legal advisor for the UN Security Sector Unit.  According to the Tetun version of UN legal advisor Andre S. Thorsen’s PowerPoint presentation, “An individual who has license may use weapon when carries out work as private investigator or security guard when he/she gets authorization to carry weapon according to the law that is in effect”. As this presentation was written in Tetun, and the fact that FM considers Tetun as the official language of Timor, then what was written in Tetun, and presented at the discussion is considered to be an accurate representation of Mr. Thorsen’s words. If that advisor denies that these words were presented, then why was the PowerPoint presentation written in Tetun and why was the national flag used as the background?

FM rejects the accuracy of the statement by the UN adviser, in Timor Post’s Thursday (25/11) edition, where he denies that his presentation mentioned private security guards carrying weapons. His words are incorrect because his Tetun version PowerPoint presentation clearly showed that the UN apparatus suggested the government create a law allowing private security guards to use weapons and guns.

According to the Constitution of RDTL, Article 146 lines 1 through 3, and Article 147 lines 1 through 3, civilians are not allowed to use weapons or guns. Only the institutions of F-FDTL and PNTL are able to use weapons in order to guarantee the sovereignty of this new country. Similarly, the National Defense Law in the Article 4 line 2 that says it is the military’s competency for the National Defense to carry weapons, so that F-FDTL can provide military defense to RDTL, in accordance with the terms of Article 146 of the Constitution.  This article also prohibits any paramilitary associations or any other groups to be armed with guns.

Fundasaun Mahein’s monitoring and research regarding security and defense sector issues in Timor-Leste, strongly condemns the proposal or suggestion from the UN apparatus that the government and the state of Timor-Leste allow civilians to use weapons and arms.

Fundasaun Mahein is in agreement with statements from the President of the Republic Jose Ramos Horta, Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao, Second Commander of F-FDTL Brigadier General Lere Anan Timor, and Secretary of the State for Defense Julio Tomas Pinto, who all disagree with the idea or proposal from the UN apparatus regarding civilians and weapons. FM is very happy with the statements from the leaders and FM suggests the government continue to debate in public about the issue of weapons, and asks the government to take away heavy guns such as rifles from PNTL, and have them only use pistols. Heavy guns must be used by F-FDTL only, and private security guards cannot be allowed to use guns.

FM recommends the government create an effective mechanism for managing the weapons of the institutions of F-FDTL and PNTL in order to prevent inappropriate use and violations of the law and order in Timor-Leste.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp :  +670 737 4222

One Response

  1. […] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Fundasaun Mahein, Fundasaun Mahein. Fundasaun Mahein said: Komunikadu Imprenza Se Mak iha Dereitu Liu Tuir Lei Bele Lori Kilat iha Timor-Leste?: http://wp.me/pxGPj-el […]

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