Mahein nia Hanoin No 1: Postura Defeza Indonezia nian iha Area Fronteira Timor-Leste

Iha Mahein nia Hanoin No 1 (Tetun.pdf)(Bahasa.pdf), Ami koalia konaba Indonezia ho Timor-Leste, nasaun rua nebe’e iha hela transisaun nia laran.  Transisaun sira ne’e inklui iha sosiu-ekonomi ho situasaun politika iha nasaun rua ne’e, maibe mos relasaun entre rai rua ne’e hosi vizaun seitor siguransa nian.

Iha tinan 24 nia laran entre 1975 to 1999 Timor-Leste ho Indonezia sai inimigu ba malu ho konflitu militar no konflitu politika. Konflitus hirak ne’e rezulta atus no rihun ba rihun Timoroan, no mos rihun sanulu resin ema Indonezia mak mate.

Relasaun entre Timor-Leste ho Indonezia sai besik liu.  La’os deit ba nasaun rua ne’e fahe historia trajiku nebe’e rezulta husi reiimi Soeharto nia ditadura, maibe mos nasaun rua ne’e mos fahe esperensias kolonial nian, vizinu Jeografikamente no vizinu ho aliadu seluk iha rejiaun ne’e.

Relatoriu ida ne’e koalia konaba situasaun dahuluk nian konaba  militar Indonezia (TNI) nebe’e iha rai ketan no Fronteira maritima iha Indonezia ho Timor-Leste.  Relatoriu ne’e mos deklara katak militar Indonezia iha level institusaun haboot tan i mos sai belun ba Timor-Leste.  iha relatoriu ne’e mos deskuite konaba dezemvolvementu dadaun ne’e hosi presensa militar Indonezia nian iha rai ketan no area sira iha fronteria maritima nian, nebe’e la nesesariu hanesan politika pozitivu ida.  Liu tan ho ne’e , Militar  Indonezia nian iha estadu trazisaun nian  okos nebe’e ho prersepsaun katak ba asuntu siguransa nian sei  la hare’e ba interese amizade diak husi rai rua Timor-Leste ho Indonezia nebe’e hakiak dadaun ne’e.

Relasaun ekonomi, sosial no mos politika entre Indonezia no Timor-Leste komesa boot ba dadaun hosi imajem pozitivu nian nebe’e makas los iha deit tinan  hirak nian laran liu ba, pur exemplu: relasaun entre governu ho governu,  komersiu nian, asuntu familia, kultural nebe’e kontinua haboot iha loron ba loron.  Parte seluk mos husi hirak ne’e, asuntu justisa atu lori kriminal sira nebe’e involve iha tinan 1975-1999 seidauk hetan lia los.  Asuntu ida ne’e sei kontinua sai problema seriu ba vitima sira iha Timor-Leste, no mos ba vitima sira husi Indonezia. Ne’e mak konsekuensia husi relasaun ida ne’e frajailhu no komplikadu tebes.

Postura  Militar Indonezia nian iha area Fronteira nebe’e boot, ne’e hatudu katak sidauk iha kuinesementu diak oinsa relasaun frajeilhu ho komplikadu ne’e iha, hanesan hatudu iha tinan hirak durante dekade liu ne’e, no numeru  militar Indonezia aumenta ho kapasidade boot.

Relatoriu ne’e mos fo konsiderasaun importante ba Militar Timor-Leste (FALINTIL-FDTL) katak iha tranzisaun nian. Mundansa radikal husi FALINTIL, forsa gerilya  ba FALINTIL-FDTL, forsa ida nebe’e modernu ho institusaun professional.   Modernizasaun Forsa ida ne’e mai ho kedas aranjamentu boot ba numeru forsa nain, i mos ho tipu kapasidade, liu-liu iha area marina/komponente Naval, nune’e mos dezemvolvementu ba komponente Airu nian komesa dadaun ona.

Relatoriu ne’e mos afirma katak ho numeiru profil iha Militar Defesa Timor-Leste nian ho kontinua dezemvolvementu militar Indonezia nian iha area Fronteira, no relatoriu ne’e husu ba governu rai rua ne’e tenki fo atensaun maka’as ba faktu hotu, no halo politika diak ida hodi trata.

FM mos konklui relatoriu ne’e ho rekomendasaun sira nebe’e importante liu atu governu Timor-Leste ho Indonezia uza hodi trata asuntu Fronteira nian.

Husu ba governu Timor-Leste ho Indonezia atu estabelese uniku manajementu aparatur Fronteira nian ho guarda fronteira sira ne’e ho  deit pesoal polisia

Husu ba Governu Timor-Leste ho Indonezia pro-ativu informa ba sira nia sidadaun konaba dezemvolvementu relasaun defesa militar entre Timor-Leste ho Indonezia

Husu ba governu Timor-Leste konsidera ba kada respostas nebe’e iha ligasaun ba manajementu fronteira ho sistema rejimu paz ho dialogue  nian deit.

Husu ba autoridades hosi Timor-Leste ho Indonezia iha area fronteira estabelese sorumutu regular nian iha Dili-Jakarta, Dili-Kupang, no nivel distritus sira husi fronteira nian iha nasaun rua ne’e

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Indonesian’s Defense Posture in Timor-Leste Border areas

In Mahein nia Hanoin No 1 (English.pdf), we will discuss Indonesia and Timor-Leste, both countries in transition. This transition encompasses not only each country’s socio-economic and political situation, but also the relationship between the two countries from a security point of view.

For 24 years between 1975 and 1999Indonesiaand Timor-Leste were adversaries locked in military and political conflict.  This conflict resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths of Timorese, and some tens of thousands of Indonesians.

The relationship between Timor-Leste andIndonesiais intimate.  Not only do the two countries share a tragic history as a result of the Soeharto dictatorship but both countries share colonial experiences, geographic proximity and a number of regional friends and allies.

This paper examines the situation of primarily the Indonesian armed forces (TNI) in the shared land and maritime border areas between Indonesia and Timor-Leste.  This paper asserts that the Indonesian armed forces at an institutional level are growing increasingly friendly towards Timor-Leste.  However, the paper asserts that the ongoing robust Indonesian military presence in land and maritime border areas is not necessarily a positive policy.  Furthermore, that the Indonesian armed forces, being in a state of transition have a perception ofIndonesia’s security interests which is not in alignment with the growing friendship between Timor-Leste and Indonesia.

Economic, social and political ties between Indonesia and Timor-Leste are growing in largely positive ways and at a speed which could be conceived just a few years ago.  Intergovernmental, business, family, cultural, ties are expanding in almost every way.  There are however some as yet not totally resolved matters of justice for crimes committed between 1975 – 1999.  These matters remain very serious for many Timorese, as they do in different ways for those inIndonesia. It is consequently a very delicate and complicated relationship.

The position of Indonesia’s armed forces in border areas does not yet appear to fully recognize how delicate and complicated this expanding relationship actually is, as numbers and capabilities of these forces is increasing over the last decade.

An important consideration is that Timor-Leste’s defence force (FALINTIL-FDTL) is also in transition. FALINTIL-FDTL is moving quickly from a guerrilla force to a more modern and professional institution.  Along with this modernization comes a wide array of increasing numbers of defence personnel and types of defence capability, especially in the maritime area, although development of an air component of the defence force is underway as well.

This paper asserts that due to the rising profile of the Timor-Leste defence force set alongside the continuing militarized position of the Indonesian armed forces in border areas that both Governments should pay stronger attention to this fact and make necessary policy adjustments.

The FM concluded the report with some important recommendations to both government to apply dealing with border issues.

That the Government’s of Timor-Leste and Indonesia seek to develop unique border management apparatus with the only security personnel on the border being police.

That the Government’s of Timor-Leste and Indonesia pro-actively informs their citizens of the details of growing defence and military links between the two countries.

That the Government of Timor-Leste consider its response to border management in a soft border regime system only.

That authorities on both sides of the border conduct regular security meetings at the Dili-Jakarta, Dili-Kupang, and at the local district to district levels.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Telp. +670 737 4222

2 Responses

  1. belun Mahein sira, hau le ona ita boot sira nia relatorio no 1 11 de Maio de 2011, piquisa neebe ita boot sira halo nee, balun ita boot sira inventa karik?, dados balun ita boot sira usa mas iha kampo la akontese nunee. hau hanoin diak liu produs buat balun ho faktus ho lolos, exemplo balun hanesan kumprimentos linha fronteira nee lalos, incindentes iha fulan fevereiro nee mos la klaro karik, keta halo ita boot sira neebe hakerek informsaun sira nee nunka too iha naktuka karik? ou neem hanenete naktuka oinsa?

  2. Naturalmente Qual quer Pais iha Mundu nesesariamente siguransa iha fronteira importante tebes atu halo defeza iha fronteira no kontrola aktividade ilegais nebe hakur fronteira. Husi relatoriu nebe publika husi FM, nudar povu kiik hare katak militerizasaun husi Indonesia iha lina fronteira boot liu do que ho Malaizia no Papua New Guine. Karik sira hanoin Timor-Leste nudar ameasa ida ba sira ka atu funu ho sira? Hanesan publikasaun FM nian, klaru katak pasadu nudar inimigu maibe hau hanoin oras ne’e dadauk Nasaun rua ne’e koperasaun nebe diak tebes. Tamba ne’e nudar povu kiik nebe nia lian dalaruma ukun na”in sira la rona, kongratula ba FM haforsa nafatin nian servisu hodi hare ba problema ida ne’e. No husu ba FM ho lian forte nafatin atu husu governu Timor-Leste no Indonezia nesesariamente hare ba assuntu ne’e tuir rekomendasaun FM nian. Parabens ba FM!

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