Mahein nia Lian 21: Dezenvolvimentu Polisia Nasional Timor-Leste (PNTL)

Iha Mahein nia Lian 21 (.pdf), Fundasaun Mahein halo peskiza kle’an ba Dezenvolvementu Polisia Nasional Timor-Leste.

Dezenvolvementu Polisia Timor-Leste, hanesan seitor barak seluk nebe’e iha dezenvolvementu nasional , no ne’e obstaklu maka’as los. Importante liu atu dezenvolve iha PNTL laran mak Polisia ne’e rasik.  Polisiamentu ne’e kompleksu , serbisu ne’ebe difisil, ne’ebe perzisa duni matenek diak nian iha lei ho prosedementus sira, no mos pesoal polisia ne’ebe iha  kapasidade naton . Alen de esforsu an atu hasae kapasidade ba autor nasional no mos internasional, hetok hetan ofisiais PNTL ne’ebe sei iha problema. Iha Mahein nia Lian 21, FM deteta tanba saida?.

Atu suporta kna’ar individual ofisiais Polisia sira nian, tenki persiza kapasita PNTL ho suporta ida ne’ebe adekuadu. Ofisiais Polisia persiza fatin ne’ebe uutuliza hodi halo serbisu ba, kareta ne’ebe persiza atu responde ba insedente no komputador ne’ebe persiza atu grava arkivu ba krime ne’ebe tama. Edefisiu/uma , ekipamentu no individual sira ne’ebe persiza fo suporta no sistema  administrasaun ne’ebe forte atu bele hamenus inkapasidade. Iha Mahein nia Lian 21, FM deskobre katak konstruksaun ba edefisiu  Polisia sidauk iha, kareta sira ne’ebe uza la tuir fatin los nian, no mos sistema administrasaun atu suporta PNTL fraku tebes.

PNTL nia mandatu atu hari’i lei no hare’e ba protesaun ne’ebe seguru ba povu Timor-Leste. Atu ezekuta kna’ar ne’e, delega sira ho kapasidade ne’ebe forte atu deteina ameasa ne’ebe iha potensial boot. Atu hetan lejitima ba kna’ar ne’e , PNTL tenki hatene sira nia kapasidade boot liu wainhira fo kna’ar boot ba sira. Maske nune’e FM deskobre nomeru PNTL atus ba atus ne’ebe mosu kada tinan-tinan no lori deit lubuk balun ba tribunal.

Ho Lei Organiku PNTL ne’ebe deklara katak hakbesik ba komunidade ne’e prefere liu ba modelu  polisiamentu ba PNTL, no PNTL kontinua hakbesik ba komunidade ho nomeru boot no uza  polisiamentu ida ne’ebe ho operasaun  militaristiku ba Ninja iha Bobonaro-Suai no operasaun ho naran 88 iha Baucau. FM husu tanba sa maka polisia husi distritus hat ne’e tenki halo operasaun ho intimidasaun lokal no naukten sira? FM husu tanba sa maka okontesemente ne’e mosu iha tinan 2010 maibe nusa maka halo fali responde iha tinan 2011? FM husu, agresivu no fo sai ba ema hotu ho meus diak konaba tipu operasaun ne’e katak fo ona solusaun ba problema hirak ne’ebe mosu?

FM argumentu tan katak  PNTL nia kna’ar ne’e halo lolos nian no hari’i forsa polisia ida ne’ebe efetivu. Polisia ida tenki iha mantein relasaun forte ho komunidade no responsivamentu imidiatu ba komunidade nia persiza. Kna’ar ida ne’e, la’os boot,  no operasaun ida ne’e karun atu atinje objetivu no mos benefisiu ba povu Timor-Leste.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

 

Press Release 

National Police of Timor Leste (PNTL) Development

 In Mahein nia Lian 21, Fundasaun Mahein has carried out in-depth research in to the state of police development in Timor Leste.

Developing the police in Timor Leste, like many other aspects of national development, is tremendously challenging. The most important thing to develop within the police is the police themselves. Policing is a complex, difficult task, which requires a good knowledge of law and procedure, as well as excellent interpersonal skills. Despite much effort to increase capacity by both national and international actors, many PNTL officers are still found wanting.  In Mahein nia Lian 21, FM finds out why.

In order to support the work of individual police officers, the PNTL needs to provide them with adequate support. Police officers need offices from which to work, cars with which to respond to incidents and computers with which to record crimes. Buildings, equipment and individuals need to be supported by strong administrative systems to ensure sustainability. In Mahein nia Lian 21, FM finds that police buildings are not being built, cars are in the wrong place and the administrative systems that support the police are weak.

The PNTL is tasked with upholding the law and seeing to the protection and safety of the people of Timor Leste. In order to carry out this responsibility, they are entrusted with the power to arrest and to use potentially lethal force.  To legitimately hold this responsibility, the PNTL must ensure that they themselves are beyond reproach. However FM finds that of the hundreds of PNTL disciplinary cases every year, very few make it to court.

Despite the Police Organic Law stating that community engagement is the preferred policing model of the PNTL, the PNTL continue to engage in large scale and militaristic policing operations as seen with Operation Ninja in Bobonaro and the recent Operation 88 in Baucau. FM asks why the Police from four districts were required to deal with a local case of intimidation and theft? FM asks why an incident that occurred in 2010 requires a response in 2011? FM asks if aggressive and well-publicized police operations of this type are the best response to these problems?

FM argues that PNTL’s work would best directed at building an effective police force. A police force which maintains strong relations to the community and is responsive to their needs. This work, rather than large, expensive operations to chase ghosts, will be of most benefit to Timor Leste.

If you require further information on this then contact:

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Lei mak Komandante ka Juramentu?

Iha 21 Junho 2011 Timor Post halo publikasaun husi Fundasaun Mahein:

FM iha Timor Post 21 Junho 2011

Mahein Nia Lian No. 17: Komunikadu Imprenza Veteranu sira iha Timor Leste Dezde Krize tinan 2006 nian

Mahein nia Lian iha edisaun  17 (pdf) sei deskuite konaba Veteranu.  Relatoriu ne katak, problema veteranu nian sira ne’e sei nunka bele mate se bainhira veteranu sira ida-idak no mós organizasaun veteranu nian sira la kontente ho prosesu ne’ebé mak trata ho veteranu sira. Durante tinan 24 nia laran Timoroan sira luta iha foho leten. Bainhira funu hotu tiha ema hirak ne’ebé halo funu ne’e sai veteranu ba funu nian.

Mahein Nia Lian ne’e mos sita katak, Governu koko makaas ona atu rezolve problema sira ne’ebé relasionadu ho reintegrasaun veteranu sira nian, hanesan hodi kria lejizlasaun ne’ebé fó asisténsia ba veteranu sira iha forma ba pensaun no mós fó medalla. Medida hirak-ne’e seidauk to’o maibé nu’udár pasu ida ne’ebé mak iha diresaun ne’ebé loos. Maibé lei sira ne’ebé mak governu kria tiha ona ne’e seidauk implementa loloos tanba sistema ida ne’ebé mak praga ho falta ida iha rekursus umanus nian, no mós kapasidade governasaun nian ne’ebé limitadu.

Objetivu prinsipál husi artigu ida ne’e nian mak atu fó pontu jerál ida kona-bá problema komplikadu sira ne’ebé relasionadu ho reintegrasaun ba veteranu hotu-hotu, bazeia ba entrevista ne’ebé hala’o ona ho atór xave sira ne’ebé mak reprezenta distritu 5 iha Timor-Leste.  Distritu hirak-ne’e mak, Liquica, Ermera, Manatuto, Baucau, no Dili. Mahein Nia Lian ne’e nia rohan inklui rekomendasaun diagnóstika sira atu ajuda hodi rezolve veteranu nia problema sira, tantu iha prazu badak no mós ba prazu naruk nian. Ida-ne’e lá’os prosesu ida ne’ebé lais ka fásil. Vontade ne’ebé makaas no mós konsisténsia sei sai nesesáriu ba melloramentu progresiva.

Iha relatoriu ne’e mos FM rekomenda ba governu atu formalmente rekoñese knaar husi labarik sira ne’ebé sai soldadu. Bazeia ba lei internasionál nian ne’e viola konvensaun internasionál nian katak Timor-Leste ratifika ida-ne’e, maibé iha Timor-Leste nia istória labarik sira iha nasaun ne’e mós kontribui iha maneira ida ne’ebé signifikativu, ne’e duni, rekoñesimentu ba labarik sira ne’ebé sai soldadu ne’e komplikadu, maibé nesesáriu.

FM rekomenda ba governu atu dezenvolve no implementa polítika ida kona-bá funerál estadu nian ba veteranu sira inklui:

1. Parada no serimónia Guarda Onra nian ba funerál

2. Harii Semitériu ida ba Veteranu Rezisténsia nian iha distritu hotu-hotu.

Sujere katak grupu ki’ik ida husi soldadu F-FDTL sira mak diriji guarda onra nian ba veteranu sira atu partisipa iha serimónia funerál iha semitériu sira.

FM rekomenda ba governu atu implementa esbosu lei nebe’e esiste tiha, atu atoriza tur fatin especial iha area balun ba Veteranu durante cerimonia feriadu Nasional.

FM rekomenda ba governu atu dezeña no distribui iha ninia despeja rasik Tais espesiál ida ba veteranu sira hotu ne’ebé mak sria bele hatais iha eventu sira ne’ebé espesiál.

Imi bele hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, 23 March  2011

Press release

Veterans in Timor-Leste since the Crisis of 2006.

In the Voice of Fundasaun Mahein, 17th Edition we will discuss the issue of Veterans. The report stated that, the problem of veterans will never die if the individual veterans and veterans’ organizations are not happy with the process that deals with veterans. During 24 years Timorese struggled in the mountains.   After the war those who fought became war veterans.

Mahein Nia Lian also quoted that the government has tried hard to overcome the issues related to the reintegration of veterans, such as creating legislation which provided assistance to Veterans in the form of pensions and awarding medals.  These measures are not enough but are a step in the right direction.  However, these laws the government created have not been implemented properly due to a system that is plagued by a lack of human resources, and limited governance capacity.

The main objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the complicated problems related to the reintegration of all veterans, based on interviews with key actors representing 5 districts in Timor Leste.  Those districts are Liquica, Ermera, Manatuto, Baucau, and Dili.  The end of Mahein Nia Lian  includes diagnostic recommendations to help solve the veterans’ issues, both in the short and long term.  It is not a fast or easy process.  Strong will and consistency will be necessary for progressive improvement

FM recommends that the government formally recognize the role of child solders. Based on international law it violates the international convention that Timor- Leste has ratified, but in Timorese history the children of the country contributed in a very significant way, therefore, the recognition of child solders is complicated, but it is necessary.

FM recommends that the government develop and implement a policy for on state funerals for veterans including:

1. Parade and Honour Guard ceremony for funerals

2. Build a Cemetery for Veterans of the Resistance in all the districts.

It is suggested that a small group of F-FDTL soldiers lead the honor guard for veterans to participate in funeral ceremonies in the cemeteries.

FM recommends that the government implement and enforce the existing law to allow for a special seating area for Veterans during National Holiday ceremonies.

FM recommends that the government design and distribute at its own expense a special Tais for veterans which they can wear on special occasions

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Telp. +670 737 4222



Fundasaun Mahein in Thailand

Fundasaun Mahein’s Director, Nelson Belo, recently participated in the workshop “Peacebuilding and security sector governance in Asia”: 2-4 December 2010 in Thailand at the invitation of the Institute of Security & International Studies Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.

ISIS Workshop SSR Asia 2010 Bangkok, Thailand

ISIS Workshop SSR Asia 2010 Bangkok, Thailand

This workshop was supported by the Geneva based Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).  Participants included

  1. Rizal Panggabean Indonesia (Aceh)
  2. Fairlie Chappuis ( Freie University Berlin (DCAF)
  3. Aun Naing Oo, Chaiang Mai, Burma
  4. Riefqi Muna, Indonesia, (Asean Regional)
  5. Keokam Kraisoraphong (Thailand)
  6. Carolina G. Hernandez ( Filipine)
  7. Shiam Vidurupola, Sri-Langka (Southeast Asea)
  8. Shiva Dahal Hari, (Nepal)
  9. Nelson Belo (Timor-Leste)
  10. Yuji Uesugi (Japan)
  11. S.I. Keethaponcalan (Sri-Langka)

Aimed at developing a stronger network of Asian security sector reform expertise the workshop will result in a book for publication next year.  Fundasaun Mahein will be producing the chapter on Timor-Leste.

Nelson Belo of Fundasaun Mahein presents on SSR developments in Timor-Leste

ISIS Workshop participants

Komunikadu Imprenza Se Mak iha Dereitu Liu Tuir Lei Bele Lori Kilat iha Timor-Leste?

Fundasaun Mahein, 25 Novembru 2010

Komunikadu Imprenza

Se Mak iha Dereitu Liu Tuir Lei Bele Lori Kilat iha Timor-Leste?

Istoria Timor-Leste nakonu ho torturasaun ou violensia tanba kilat nia hahalok. Golpe 1975, akontecementu 1999, 4 dezembru 2002, krizi 2006, ho 11 Febreiru 2008 kontinua nafatin sai sasin iha Timor-Leste nia istoria katak koalia konaba kilat sai problema boot.

Tuir regulamentu UNTAET/REG/2001/19, 21 Juli 2001, sita  katak antes ONU transfere poder soberanu ba Timor-Leste iha 2002, UN sosa ona pistol hamutuk 750 ba PNTL. Agora dadaun asesor legal UNMIT Andre Thorsen  iha nia aprezentasaun   power point versaun Tetun “Ema ida ne’ebe hetan lisensa bele uza kilat bainhira hala’o serbisu nudar investigador privadu ka guarda seguransa so bainhira nia hetan autorizasaun atu kaer kilat tuir lei ne’ebe vigora”. Tamba apresentasaun ne’e hakerek iha Tetun e FM konsidera Tetun ne’e Timor nia lian offisial tan ne’e saida mak hakerek iha lian ne’e nebe’e apresenta iha momentu neba los nia. Se Asesora ne’e nega, tamba sa maka presentasaun power point ne’e hakerek iha Tetun i mos uza bandeira nasional?

FM rezeita tebes ba steitmentu asesor UNMIT, publikasaun media Timor Post edisaun Kinta, (25/11) ne’ebe nega katak la koalia guarda siguransa privadu bele kaer kilat, ne’e hanesan lifuan ne’ebe lalos tanba iha aprezentasaun liu husi Power Point versaun Tetun “Second Roundtable Discussion on Private Security Council” semana kotuk iha ETDA-Komoro-Dili hatudu momos katak peritus UNMIT ne’e sujere ba governu atu kria lei hodi regula kompania seguransa sivil atu uza kilat no armas

Tuir Konstituisaun RDTL, artigu  146  alinea 1 to’o 3  no artigu 147 alinea 1 to’o 3 la koalia konaba ema sivil atu uza kilat ka armas, maibe ba instituisaun F-FDTL no PNTL deit mak bele uza kilat atu fo garantia soberania nasaun foun ida ne’e. Nune’e mos Lei Defeza Nasional iha artigu 4 alinea 1 ne’ebe  dehan katak  kompetensia militar ba Defeza Nasional sei kaer kilat, ho eskluzivu, husi F-FDTL, mak garante defeza militar ba RDTL, tuir no termus sira husi artigu 146, konsituisaun nian, maibe tau bandu ba asosiasaun armada sira no asosiasaun sira ho tipu militar, militarizada ka paramilitar

Ho ida ne’e, Fundasaun Mahein ne’ebe durante hala’o monitorizasaun no Peskiza ba seitor siguransa no defeza iha timor leste kondena maka’as proposta ka hanoin husi peritus UNMIT ne’ebe sujere ba governu no estadu Timor-Leste atu ema sivil uza kilat no armas.

Fundasaun Mahein mos fo nia posizaun konkorda ba steitmentu ne’ebe mai husi Prezidenti da Republika, Jose  Ramos Horta, Primeiru Ministru,  Xanana Gusmão inklui Segundu Komandante F-FDTL, Brigadeiru Jeneral Lere Anan Timor , Sekertairu Estadu Defeza, Julio Tomas Pinto ne’ebe la konkorda ho hanoin ka proposta husi peritus UNMIT nian.  FM kontente ho steimentu husi lideransa sira ne’e no FM  propoin ba governu atu kontinua halo debate publiku konaba asuntu kilat e husu governu atu hasai kilat boot  hanesan (riffle) husi PNTL no uza deit pistoal, e kilat boot sira ne’e tenki F-FDTL maka uza, I guarda siguransa privadu labele uza kilat.

FM rekomenda ba Guvernu Timor-Leste atu kria mekanismu dia ba institusaun F-FDTL ho PNTL atu manaija kilat ho diak hodi labele uza sala hodi viola lei ho ordem iha Timor-Leste.

Nélson Belo

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:  +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, 25 November 2010

Press Release

Who Has the Right According to the Law of to carry Weapons in Timor Leste?

The history of Timor-Leste has been full of torture and violence because of weapons. Incidents such as in 1975 decolonization, 1999 referendum, 4 December 2002, 2006 crisis, and the 11 February 2008 attacks are evidence of events in Timor-Leste’s history where weapons caused big problems in this country.

According to regulation UNTAET/REG/2001/19, passed on 21 July 2001, before the UN transferred sovereignty power to Timor-Leste in 2002, the UN bought 750 pistols all together for PNTL. Recently the second “Roundtable Discussion on Private Security Companies” was held at ETDA in Comoro.  One of the presenters was a legal advisor for the UN Security Sector Unit.  According to the Tetun version of UN legal advisor Andre S. Thorsen’s PowerPoint presentation, “An individual who has license may use weapon when carries out work as private investigator or security guard when he/she gets authorization to carry weapon according to the law that is in effect”. As this presentation was written in Tetun, and the fact that FM considers Tetun as the official language of Timor, then what was written in Tetun, and presented at the discussion is considered to be an accurate representation of Mr. Thorsen’s words. If that advisor denies that these words were presented, then why was the PowerPoint presentation written in Tetun and why was the national flag used as the background?

FM rejects the accuracy of the statement by the UN adviser, in Timor Post’s Thursday (25/11) edition, where he denies that his presentation mentioned private security guards carrying weapons. His words are incorrect because his Tetun version PowerPoint presentation clearly showed that the UN apparatus suggested the government create a law allowing private security guards to use weapons and guns.

According to the Constitution of RDTL, Article 146 lines 1 through 3, and Article 147 lines 1 through 3, civilians are not allowed to use weapons or guns. Only the institutions of F-FDTL and PNTL are able to use weapons in order to guarantee the sovereignty of this new country. Similarly, the National Defense Law in the Article 4 line 2 that says it is the military’s competency for the National Defense to carry weapons, so that F-FDTL can provide military defense to RDTL, in accordance with the terms of Article 146 of the Constitution.  This article also prohibits any paramilitary associations or any other groups to be armed with guns.

Fundasaun Mahein’s monitoring and research regarding security and defense sector issues in Timor-Leste, strongly condemns the proposal or suggestion from the UN apparatus that the government and the state of Timor-Leste allow civilians to use weapons and arms.

Fundasaun Mahein is in agreement with statements from the President of the Republic Jose Ramos Horta, Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao, Second Commander of F-FDTL Brigadier General Lere Anan Timor, and Secretary of the State for Defense Julio Tomas Pinto, who all disagree with the idea or proposal from the UN apparatus regarding civilians and weapons. FM is very happy with the statements from the leaders and FM suggests the government continue to debate in public about the issue of weapons, and asks the government to take away heavy guns such as rifles from PNTL, and have them only use pistols. Heavy guns must be used by F-FDTL only, and private security guards cannot be allowed to use guns.

FM recommends the government create an effective mechanism for managing the weapons of the institutions of F-FDTL and PNTL in order to prevent inappropriate use and violations of the law and order in Timor-Leste.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp :  +670 737 4222

MAHEIN NIA LIAN NO.14: Komunikadu da imprenza: Operasaun Krime Organizadu iha Timor Leste

Fundasaun Mahein 10 Novembru 2010

Fundasaun Mahein nia lian iha edisaun numeiru 14 sei deskuite kle’an konaba Operasaun Krime Organizadu iha Timor-Leste.  Isu Krime Organizadu sai ona afeita ba siguransa publiku maibe ema barak sidauk hatene los saida maka Krime Organizadu. Krime Organizadu ne’e atividade (krime) ilegal ne’ebe involve ema individual ka/ou organizasaun sira ne’ebe iha kapital orsamentu ho matenek ne’ebe halo transaksaun ida ne’ebe ho level sofistikadu.  Krime Organizadu ne’e maka hanesan trafiku humanu, transaksaun electroniku ho ilegal, prostitusaun, fase orsan, fa’an droga, terorista sira, groupu nauk ten ne’ebe profesional, nauk motor iha Dili laran, asaltu ema no obriga ema fo siguransa no seluk-selut tan.

Tuir Fundasaun Mahein katak Krime Organizadu ne’e bain-bain halo operasaun iha fatin ne’ebe asesu boot benefisiu ekonomia. Orsanmentu Jeral Estadu Timor-leste ba tinan 2010 ne’e total  $ 837, 981,000, dolares de amerikanu no aumenta tan orsanmentu ratifikativu no orsanmentu pakote projektu dezemvolvementu. Montante orsanmentu ida ne’e boot tebes ne’e laiha monitorizasaun ida ne’ebe propriu, bele sai potensial boot atraku Krime Organizadu atu hetan lukru.  Hanesan ita hare ema bisnis nain boot ida naran Datuk Edward Ong, ema ida ne’ebe deklara nia an representa kompania “Asian Champ Investment Ltd,” halo klain Governu Timor-Leste atu impresta Fundus Petroleum liu $1 billion dollares de amerikanu atu transfere ba nia bankaria iha Banku Hong Kong no sei fo fila  to be transferred to a Hong Kong bank in return for an upfront 7.5% payout.[1]

Iha relatoriu ne’e FM halo identifika ona sindikatu nauk ten motor ne’ebe halo koperasaun diak  ho ema oknum governu nian ne’ebe suporta falsifika dokumentus/STNK no kria dokumentu ho capa falsu depois uza fali motor sira ne’e no fa’an fali ba distritu ho delier motor iha Dili.   40% motor nauk nian fa’an b aiha distritu no 60%  fa’an iha delie/agen  motor sira iha Dili.  Iha biban hanesan FM nia investigasaun ne’e mos hetan katak tranportasaun droga ilegal husi Indonezia tama mai Timor-Leste liu hosi rai ketan/ fronteira, no tula husi ro’o barikasa sira liu husi tasi nian.

Tamba ne;e mak FM rekomenda ba imigrasaun atu kontinua kontrola ba ema estranjeiru sira ne’ebe servisu ilegalmentu uza vistu turista.

FM mos rekomenda ba  PNTL atu halo cek point rutina ba kareta motor nia dokumentu orijinal  depois halo anuanciamentu ba publiku atu nune’e ema sira ne’ebe cente lakon motor bele ba cek iha estasaun PNTL.  .

Ikus liu FM mos rekomenda ba governu atu kria lei ida ne’ebe bele kombate fase orsan nian. Iha lei ida ne’e mos fo obrigasaun ba banku hotu-hotu atu hato’o relatoriu ba governu  konaba rekenin banku sira ne’ebe deskomfia halo transaksaun fase orsan.  Governu mos temki establese sistema siguransa integradu iha Banku hotu-hotu ne’ebe iha Timor-Leste nudar hanesan meus extra ida atu proteje husi hahalok fase orsan nian.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:    +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, October  28,  2010

Press Release

Organized Crime Operating in Timor Leste

Fundasaun Mahein’s Voice edition number 14 will discuss in depth about the actions of Organized Crime in Timor Leste.  The issue of Organized Crime has affected the safety of the public and many people do not know what the actions of Organized Crime are.  Organized Crimes are illegal activities (or crimes) committed by individuals and/or organizations with intelligence and with financial capital involving illegal transactions with a high level of sophistication. They include, among others, human trafficking, illegal electronic transactions, prostitution, money laundering, drug smuggling, Terrorism, controlling groups of professional thieves, stealing of vehicles in Dili, assault and most importantly, extortion rackets.

According to Fundasaun Mahein Organized Crime mostly operates where there is access to a large amount of economic benefits.  Timor-Leste’s State Budget for 2010 is $ 837, 981,000, in addition to the ratification of money for development projects.  This increased spending, without proper oversight mechanisms can be seen by organized crime as a potential way to make a profit.  As we saw with the attempt by businessman Datuk Edward Ong, who claimed to be representing a company called “Asian Champ Investment Ltd,” to scam Timor-Leste’s Petroleum Fund by asking for over $1 billion dollars to be transferred to a Hong Kong bank in return for an upfront 7.5% payout.[2]

In this report FM has identified a syndicate of motorbike thieves who cooperate with some government authorities who assist with the falsification of motorbike documents and the creation of fake license plates, which are used before the motorbikes are re-sold in the districts and to local vehicle dealerships in Dili.  40% of these stolen motorbikes are resold in the districts and 60% are sold to the dealerships in Dili mentioned above.  More details are available in the full-length report.  FM’s research also found information about illegal drugs being transported from Indonesia into Timor-Leste through the land border and also on ships.

Therefore FM recommends the Immigration Office establishes checks of the foreigners who are working illegally using tourist visas for business.

FM also recommends to PNTL to establish routine checkpoints to check vehicle registration and impound those vehicles without proper original documents and announce to the public that those who have had vehicles stolen can come to the police station to see if their vehicle has been found.

FM also recommends that the government create a law to combat money laundering.  This law can force the banks to report suspicious bank transactions and accounts to the government as suspected money laundering locations.  The government should also set up integrated security systems inside the foreign banks that exist in Timor-Leste as an extra measure of protection against money laundering.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp :  +670 737 4222

[1] La’o Hamutuk “Trying to Scam a Billion from the Petroleum Fund” 4 October 2010 http://www.laohamutuk.org/Oil/PetFund/ACI/10AsianChampInvestment.htm

[2] La’o Hamutuk “Trying to Scam a Billion from the Petroleum Fund” 4 October 2010 http://www.laohamutuk.org/Oil/PetFund/ACI/10AsianChampInvestment.htm

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 11: Komunikadu da Imprenza, Prizaun no Responsabilidade husu Guarda Prizioneirus Sira iha Timor-Leste (Tetun and English)

Fundasaun Mahein, 22 Setembru 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Prizaun no Responsabilidade husu Guarda Prizioneirus Sira iha Timor-Leste (hetan relatoriu iha ne’e)

Oras ne’e dadaun governu deside tau Prizaun iha fatin tolu hanesan Dili, Baucau, no Gleno. Tuir Foundasaun Mahein (FM), Timor-Leste nudar nasaun demokratiku ida persija sytema prisuan ne’ebe diak. FM mos fiar katk prizaun lao’s hanesan fatin nebe sulan ema para atu hein sira nia julgamentu ka atu serve sentence ba ema ne’ebe simu tiha ona sentence, maibe mos hanesan fatin ida ne’ebe bele rehabilita prisonariu sira hodi sai cidadaun ne’ebe diak liu bainhira sira sa’i husi prisaun. Ho rasaun ida ne’e, FM simu ho laran luak decisaun governu nia atu hari tan no reabilita prisaun iha ne’ebe horas ne’e dadaun iha Timor-Leste.

FM hanoin katak wainhira hasoru ka infrenta realidade hirak ne’e, polítika husi prizaun la sés dook husi problema limitasaun orsamentu, dezenvolvimentu fíziku, total husi prizioneirus ne’ebé hetok aumenta bá bebeik husi tempu bá tempu, total guarda prizioneirus ne’ebé mak sei natoon ka seidauk sufisiente wainhira ita kompara ho total prizioneirus sira ne’ebé iha oras ne’e dau-daun inklui mós la sés husi esfórsu internal hanesan oinsá bele hamenus kondenadu sira ne’ebé mak hetok aumenta bá bebeik, oinsá ho operasionalidade polítika iha prizaun bele la’o nafatin ho limitasoens hirak ne’ebé mak infrenta hela dadaun. FM hanoin katak ho ambiente ida hanesan ne’e, susar atu hari systema prisaun ida ne’ebe respeita principiu demokratiku no direitus humanus.

Tuir FM katak oras ne’e dau-daun guarda prizioneirus sira ne’e be iha ho total mais ou menus la to’o 200 (189 pessoas), husi total guarda prizionais hirak ne’e fahe fali bá iha prizaun Díli no Prizaun Gleno ninian mak hanesan 151 pessoas hala’o sira nia kna’ar iha Prizaun Díli no 38 pessoas hala’o sira nia kna’ar iha Prizaun Gleno. Tan nune’e, FM observa katak numeru guarda prisaun nia la proporsional ho numeru prisinariu ne’ebe hela iha centru detensaun Becora no Gleno.

Total prizioneirus ne’ebe FM observa hamutuk ema na’in 222 pessoas, divida bá iha Prizaun Díli (Becora) hamutuk ema 194 pessoas, no prizioneirus iha Prizaun Gleno hamutuk ema 28 pessoas. Total prizioneirus hirak ne’e iha mós prizioneirus jovem hamutuk 17 Pessoas ho idade mais ou menus 17 mai kraik maibé agora dau-daun sira hela iha prizaun hamutuk ho ema adultu sira mesmu sira hela iha bloku ketak ida. Nune’é tuir FM nia hanoin katak bele mós fó impaktu negative fijiku no psikolojiku ba prisonariu labarik hirak ne’e.

FM rekomenda katak presiza mós hasa’e kapasidade husi guarda prizioneirus sira hanesan haruka sira hodi tuir estudu komparativu bá Estadu ka nasaun ne’ebé konsidera iha sistema jestaun diak iha area prizaun. Nune’e bele aumenta sira nia kunhesementu kona ba oinsa ema husi nasaun demokratiku seluk halo management ba sistema prisaun ida ne’ebe respeita prinsipiu demokratiku no direitus humanus.

Finalmente, FM  mós rekomenda bá advogadu privadu ka defensór públiku sira ne’ebé hetan ona konfiansa husi prizioneirus sira atu bele halo vizita regular ba iha sira nia kliente atu atende sira nia problema legal. Visita regular ba prisaun husi advogadu sira mos ajuda prisonariu sira hodi kuinhese sira nia advogadu hodi nune’e sira la sente intimida liu bainhira mosu iha prosesu tribunal, FM konklui.

[End]

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com ,

tlp +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, September 22,  2010

Press Release

Prisons and the Responsbility of Prison Guards in Timor-Leste.

The government of Timor-Leste has recently decided to re(build) prisons in three places including Dili, Baucau, and Gleno districts. Fundasaun Mahein (FM) observes that Timor-Leste, as an independent nation built on the democratic principles, requires a good prison system. FM believes that a detention center is not only a place to house alleged criminals waiting for their trials, but also those serving a sentence for those verdicts when they have been handed down. A detention center is also a place where individuals can be rehabilitated via various activity programs to help the prisoners become better citizens upon their release.   A limited number of prisons may also have a negative impact on the human rights of the prisoners.  It is for these reasons that FM greatly welcomes the government’s decision to increase the number of prisons and/or rehabilitate the existing prisons Timor-Leste.

FM underlines some of the major problems facing detention centers in Timor-Leste as ranging from the limited budget/funds to rehabilitate prisons, lack of physical development, and the increased number of prisoners that far exceeds the prison guards. All Timorese prisons are not only inadequately equipped with rehabilitative facilities but also remain understaffed. Moreover, the slow Timorese judicial system indicates that the number of prisoners will remain high, if not at its highest level of all time. According to FM, running a detention facility – one that respects democratic and human rights principles- can be immensely challenging under such circumstances.

According to FM, there are less than 200 prison guards currently working in both prisons in Timor-Leste. It is estimated that around 151 guards are working Dili at Becora prison and Gleno prison has around 38 guards. Therefore, FM observed that the number of prison guards is not proportionate with the number of detainees currently housed in both Becora and Gleno prisons.

Presently, there are around 222 detainees within Becora prison (Dili) accommodating around 194 detainees and Gleno houses around 28 detainees. Among these prisoners are also 17 juveniles. However, due to the absence of a separate juvenile facility, all the minors are currently housed with the adults although in a different block. Such a situation, FM believes, may have adverse physical and psychological impact on the juveniles.

FM also recommends that the government provide capacity development programs to the prison guards through comparative studies in countries with well-established prison management. Such programs will enhance their knowledge and expose them to different ways in which other democratic governments run their prison system- one which respects human rights and democratic principles.

Finally, FM also recommends that lawyers (both private and public defenders) should make regular visits to the prisons and particularly their clients to identify and attend to the legal problems the prisoners are facing. Having a regular visit from lawyers will help expose the prisoners to the basics of the law and hence make them feel less intimidated when brought before the court, FM concludes.

For more informasaun on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp +670 737 4222