Mahein Nia Lian No. 17: Komunikadu Imprenza Veteranu sira iha Timor Leste Dezde Krize tinan 2006 nian

Mahein nia Lian iha edisaun  17 (pdf) sei deskuite konaba Veteranu.  Relatoriu ne katak, problema veteranu nian sira ne’e sei nunka bele mate se bainhira veteranu sira ida-idak no mós organizasaun veteranu nian sira la kontente ho prosesu ne’ebé mak trata ho veteranu sira. Durante tinan 24 nia laran Timoroan sira luta iha foho leten. Bainhira funu hotu tiha ema hirak ne’ebé halo funu ne’e sai veteranu ba funu nian.

Mahein Nia Lian ne’e mos sita katak, Governu koko makaas ona atu rezolve problema sira ne’ebé relasionadu ho reintegrasaun veteranu sira nian, hanesan hodi kria lejizlasaun ne’ebé fó asisténsia ba veteranu sira iha forma ba pensaun no mós fó medalla. Medida hirak-ne’e seidauk to’o maibé nu’udár pasu ida ne’ebé mak iha diresaun ne’ebé loos. Maibé lei sira ne’ebé mak governu kria tiha ona ne’e seidauk implementa loloos tanba sistema ida ne’ebé mak praga ho falta ida iha rekursus umanus nian, no mós kapasidade governasaun nian ne’ebé limitadu.

Objetivu prinsipál husi artigu ida ne’e nian mak atu fó pontu jerál ida kona-bá problema komplikadu sira ne’ebé relasionadu ho reintegrasaun ba veteranu hotu-hotu, bazeia ba entrevista ne’ebé hala’o ona ho atór xave sira ne’ebé mak reprezenta distritu 5 iha Timor-Leste.  Distritu hirak-ne’e mak, Liquica, Ermera, Manatuto, Baucau, no Dili. Mahein Nia Lian ne’e nia rohan inklui rekomendasaun diagnóstika sira atu ajuda hodi rezolve veteranu nia problema sira, tantu iha prazu badak no mós ba prazu naruk nian. Ida-ne’e lá’os prosesu ida ne’ebé lais ka fásil. Vontade ne’ebé makaas no mós konsisténsia sei sai nesesáriu ba melloramentu progresiva.

Iha relatoriu ne’e mos FM rekomenda ba governu atu formalmente rekoñese knaar husi labarik sira ne’ebé sai soldadu. Bazeia ba lei internasionál nian ne’e viola konvensaun internasionál nian katak Timor-Leste ratifika ida-ne’e, maibé iha Timor-Leste nia istória labarik sira iha nasaun ne’e mós kontribui iha maneira ida ne’ebé signifikativu, ne’e duni, rekoñesimentu ba labarik sira ne’ebé sai soldadu ne’e komplikadu, maibé nesesáriu.

FM rekomenda ba governu atu dezenvolve no implementa polítika ida kona-bá funerál estadu nian ba veteranu sira inklui:

1. Parada no serimónia Guarda Onra nian ba funerál

2. Harii Semitériu ida ba Veteranu Rezisténsia nian iha distritu hotu-hotu.

Sujere katak grupu ki’ik ida husi soldadu F-FDTL sira mak diriji guarda onra nian ba veteranu sira atu partisipa iha serimónia funerál iha semitériu sira.

FM rekomenda ba governu atu implementa esbosu lei nebe’e esiste tiha, atu atoriza tur fatin especial iha area balun ba Veteranu durante cerimonia feriadu Nasional.

FM rekomenda ba governu atu dezeña no distribui iha ninia despeja rasik Tais espesiál ida ba veteranu sira hotu ne’ebé mak sria bele hatais iha eventu sira ne’ebé espesiál.

Imi bele hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, 23 March  2011

Press release

Veterans in Timor-Leste since the Crisis of 2006.

In the Voice of Fundasaun Mahein, 17th Edition we will discuss the issue of Veterans. The report stated that, the problem of veterans will never die if the individual veterans and veterans’ organizations are not happy with the process that deals with veterans. During 24 years Timorese struggled in the mountains.   After the war those who fought became war veterans.

Mahein Nia Lian also quoted that the government has tried hard to overcome the issues related to the reintegration of veterans, such as creating legislation which provided assistance to Veterans in the form of pensions and awarding medals.  These measures are not enough but are a step in the right direction.  However, these laws the government created have not been implemented properly due to a system that is plagued by a lack of human resources, and limited governance capacity.

The main objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the complicated problems related to the reintegration of all veterans, based on interviews with key actors representing 5 districts in Timor Leste.  Those districts are Liquica, Ermera, Manatuto, Baucau, and Dili.  The end of Mahein Nia Lian  includes diagnostic recommendations to help solve the veterans’ issues, both in the short and long term.  It is not a fast or easy process.  Strong will and consistency will be necessary for progressive improvement

FM recommends that the government formally recognize the role of child solders. Based on international law it violates the international convention that Timor- Leste has ratified, but in Timorese history the children of the country contributed in a very significant way, therefore, the recognition of child solders is complicated, but it is necessary.

FM recommends that the government develop and implement a policy for on state funerals for veterans including:

1. Parade and Honour Guard ceremony for funerals

2. Build a Cemetery for Veterans of the Resistance in all the districts.

It is suggested that a small group of F-FDTL soldiers lead the honor guard for veterans to participate in funeral ceremonies in the cemeteries.

FM recommends that the government implement and enforce the existing law to allow for a special seating area for Veterans during National Holiday ceremonies.

FM recommends that the government design and distribute at its own expense a special Tais for veterans which they can wear on special occasions

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Telp. +670 737 4222



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Mahein Nia Lian No. 16: Komunikadu Imprenza Analiza Osamentu Defeza no Siguransa Timor-Leste 2011

Fundasaun Mahein, 22 Janeiru 2011

Fundasaun Mahein nia Lian iha edisaun 16, halo deskuite klean konaba alokasaun osamentu ba seitor Defeza no Siguransa hahu husi tinan 2009, 2010 no 2011 nian. Timor-Leste nudar nasaun ida ne’ebe foin hahu dezenvolve persiza haforsa seitor defeza no siguransa, liu husi osamentu esatdu nian. Maske la’os osamentu mak solusaun uniku ba defeza no siguransa maibe ita labele taka matan katak problema alokasaun osamentu ba seitor siguransa no defeza ne’e importante tebes, no persiza iha planu no programa ne’ebe adekuadu para bele sosa ekipamentus hirak ne’ebe diak no tuir kontekstu  Timor-Leste nian.

Hanesan governu aloka osamentu ba seitor defeza no siguransa husi tinan 2009 ne’ebe kuaze $59.000.000 USD, aumenta iha 2010 to’o $60.000.000 USD maibe, 2011 redus fali sai $51.000.000 USD AS ne’ebe la inklui ho alokasaun $3.900.000 USD resin ne’ebe alokasaun ne’e mai husi ministeriu Infarsturtura ba seitor defeza no siguransa. Ho ida ne’e, tinan 2011 alokasaun osamentu ba defeza no siguransa to’o deit $54.900.000 USD resin

Tuir FM nia hare’e, alokasaun osamentu ba seitor defeza no siguransa husi tinan 2009 – 2010 to’o 2011 ne’e hatudu katak dezenhu osamentu defeza no siguransa ladun konkretu. No tuir observasaun husi FM prosesu dezenhu alokasaun ladun definitivu.

Relatoriu ne’e mos kestiaona katak wainhira sosa ekipamentus instituisaun defeza no siguransa nian tenki tradus ka esplika iha programa alokasaun. Instituisaun defeza no siguransa Timor Leste ne’ebe diak maka tenki iha sistema planu, programa, alokasaun osamentu ne’ebe diak. Persiza estudu viabilidade sosa  ro patrolhamentu rua husi nasaun Cina ho folin $28.000.000 USD ne’ebe laiha  estudi kelayakan, karik sosa ro ne’e bele kondis ho tasi timor ka lae? No portu atu ro sadere ne’e iha ka lae? Tanba realidade hatudu katak ro rua ne’ebe iha ida at ona no laiha portu.

Bazeia ba kestaun hirak ne’e, FM hakarak rekomenda ba governu katak karik iha futuru oin mai antes atu sosa ro ba PNTL Undade Maritima no F-FDTL Komponente Naval persiza iha planu dezenhu osamentu no manutensaun atu nune’e bele garantia ba operasaun ro ne’ebe iha.

FM mos sujere atu sosa ro patrolhamentu tenki tuir nesesidade no bazeia ba kontelasaun geografikamente ba area tasi timor nian.

Nune’e mos, FM husu ba governu tenki hasae kapasitasaun ba maneija alokasaun osamentu, espesialmente ba seitor defeza no siguransa atu nune’e osamentu ne’ebe refere bele uza ba dezenvolvementu instituisaun defeza no siguransa iha Timor Leste.

Ba Parlamentu Nasional, liu-liu  Komisaun B ba asuntu defeza no sigurasa, FM husu tenki halo kontrola maka’as ba implementasaun osamentu liu-liu iha seitor defeza no siguransa. Kontrola ho signifika katak la’os hare’e deit relatoriu husi governu maibe persiza hare’e mos kondisaun iha tereinu.

Imi bele hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, 22 January 2011

Press Release

Analysis of the Budget for Defense and Security in Timor Leste  2011

In the Voice of Fundasaun Mahein, 16th edition, we will debate in depth the issues concerning budget allocation for the Defense and Security sector starting from the years 2009-2010 to 2011.  As a new nation, Timor-Leste needs to develop a strong defense and security sector through the state budget.   Although the budget is not the only solution for defense and security, we should not ignore the importance of budget allocation for defense and security.  An adequate plan and program are needed to buy equipment according to the contextual needs of contemporary Timor-Leste.

The same government that allocated a budget of $59,000,000 for the defense and security sector in 2009, increased it in 2010 to $ 60,000,000. For 2011 they reduced it to $51,000,000, which did not included the $3,900,000 extra that come from the ministry for Infrastructure to the defense and Security sector.  With this, the total amount allocated for the defense and security sector budget for the year 2011 comes to $54,900,000.

Based on what FM sees, the budget allocated to the defense and security sector from 2009-2010 to 2011, this shows that the design for the defense and security budget is not very concrete.  And based on the observations from FM, the design process of allocation is not definitive.

This report questions/raises doubts that when equipment is purchased for defense and security institutions, the government should translate or explain the allocation program.  Defense and security institutions in Timor-Leste, which have good systems, need to use appropriate plans and programs to allocate the budget in an effective way.  An advanced study is needed to evaluate the viability of purchasing two naval patrol boats from China for the price of $28,000,000, and whether or not these boats meets the geographical needs for the protecting the waters of Timor-Leste.  Are there ports for these boats park in or not?  Reality shows that there is not yet any port capable of handling these two boats.

Based on these matters/questions, FM wants to recommend that in the future, the government review the design of the budget plan before purchasing boats for PNTL’s Maritime Unit and the F-FDTL’s Naval Component, so they can guarantee they receive maintenance for these boats.

FM also suggests that the government consider the geographical requirements of Timor-Leste’s waters, when purchasing patrol boats.

More so, FM asks that the government raise their capacity to manage budget allocation, so the budget can be used to effectively develop the defense and security institutions in Timor-Leste.

FM asks the National Parliament, especially Commission B, to exercise strong control over budget implementation, especially in the defense and security sector.  Significant control means not just looking at reports from the government, but must also observing the condition in training/practice.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Telp. +670 737 4222

MAHEIN NIA LIAN NO.14: Komunikadu da imprenza: Operasaun Krime Organizadu iha Timor Leste

Fundasaun Mahein 10 Novembru 2010

Fundasaun Mahein nia lian iha edisaun numeiru 14 sei deskuite kle’an konaba Operasaun Krime Organizadu iha Timor-Leste.  Isu Krime Organizadu sai ona afeita ba siguransa publiku maibe ema barak sidauk hatene los saida maka Krime Organizadu. Krime Organizadu ne’e atividade (krime) ilegal ne’ebe involve ema individual ka/ou organizasaun sira ne’ebe iha kapital orsamentu ho matenek ne’ebe halo transaksaun ida ne’ebe ho level sofistikadu.  Krime Organizadu ne’e maka hanesan trafiku humanu, transaksaun electroniku ho ilegal, prostitusaun, fase orsan, fa’an droga, terorista sira, groupu nauk ten ne’ebe profesional, nauk motor iha Dili laran, asaltu ema no obriga ema fo siguransa no seluk-selut tan.

Tuir Fundasaun Mahein katak Krime Organizadu ne’e bain-bain halo operasaun iha fatin ne’ebe asesu boot benefisiu ekonomia. Orsanmentu Jeral Estadu Timor-leste ba tinan 2010 ne’e total  $ 837, 981,000, dolares de amerikanu no aumenta tan orsanmentu ratifikativu no orsanmentu pakote projektu dezemvolvementu. Montante orsanmentu ida ne’e boot tebes ne’e laiha monitorizasaun ida ne’ebe propriu, bele sai potensial boot atraku Krime Organizadu atu hetan lukru.  Hanesan ita hare ema bisnis nain boot ida naran Datuk Edward Ong, ema ida ne’ebe deklara nia an representa kompania “Asian Champ Investment Ltd,” halo klain Governu Timor-Leste atu impresta Fundus Petroleum liu $1 billion dollares de amerikanu atu transfere ba nia bankaria iha Banku Hong Kong no sei fo fila  to be transferred to a Hong Kong bank in return for an upfront 7.5% payout.[1]

Iha relatoriu ne’e FM halo identifika ona sindikatu nauk ten motor ne’ebe halo koperasaun diak  ho ema oknum governu nian ne’ebe suporta falsifika dokumentus/STNK no kria dokumentu ho capa falsu depois uza fali motor sira ne’e no fa’an fali ba distritu ho delier motor iha Dili.   40% motor nauk nian fa’an b aiha distritu no 60%  fa’an iha delie/agen  motor sira iha Dili.  Iha biban hanesan FM nia investigasaun ne’e mos hetan katak tranportasaun droga ilegal husi Indonezia tama mai Timor-Leste liu hosi rai ketan/ fronteira, no tula husi ro’o barikasa sira liu husi tasi nian.

Tamba ne;e mak FM rekomenda ba imigrasaun atu kontinua kontrola ba ema estranjeiru sira ne’ebe servisu ilegalmentu uza vistu turista.

FM mos rekomenda ba  PNTL atu halo cek point rutina ba kareta motor nia dokumentu orijinal  depois halo anuanciamentu ba publiku atu nune’e ema sira ne’ebe cente lakon motor bele ba cek iha estasaun PNTL.  .

Ikus liu FM mos rekomenda ba governu atu kria lei ida ne’ebe bele kombate fase orsan nian. Iha lei ida ne’e mos fo obrigasaun ba banku hotu-hotu atu hato’o relatoriu ba governu  konaba rekenin banku sira ne’ebe deskomfia halo transaksaun fase orsan.  Governu mos temki establese sistema siguransa integradu iha Banku hotu-hotu ne’ebe iha Timor-Leste nudar hanesan meus extra ida atu proteje husi hahalok fase orsan nian.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:    +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, October  28,  2010

Press Release

Organized Crime Operating in Timor Leste

Fundasaun Mahein’s Voice edition number 14 will discuss in depth about the actions of Organized Crime in Timor Leste.  The issue of Organized Crime has affected the safety of the public and many people do not know what the actions of Organized Crime are.  Organized Crimes are illegal activities (or crimes) committed by individuals and/or organizations with intelligence and with financial capital involving illegal transactions with a high level of sophistication. They include, among others, human trafficking, illegal electronic transactions, prostitution, money laundering, drug smuggling, Terrorism, controlling groups of professional thieves, stealing of vehicles in Dili, assault and most importantly, extortion rackets.

According to Fundasaun Mahein Organized Crime mostly operates where there is access to a large amount of economic benefits.  Timor-Leste’s State Budget for 2010 is $ 837, 981,000, in addition to the ratification of money for development projects.  This increased spending, without proper oversight mechanisms can be seen by organized crime as a potential way to make a profit.  As we saw with the attempt by businessman Datuk Edward Ong, who claimed to be representing a company called “Asian Champ Investment Ltd,” to scam Timor-Leste’s Petroleum Fund by asking for over $1 billion dollars to be transferred to a Hong Kong bank in return for an upfront 7.5% payout.[2]

In this report FM has identified a syndicate of motorbike thieves who cooperate with some government authorities who assist with the falsification of motorbike documents and the creation of fake license plates, which are used before the motorbikes are re-sold in the districts and to local vehicle dealerships in Dili.  40% of these stolen motorbikes are resold in the districts and 60% are sold to the dealerships in Dili mentioned above.  More details are available in the full-length report.  FM’s research also found information about illegal drugs being transported from Indonesia into Timor-Leste through the land border and also on ships.

Therefore FM recommends the Immigration Office establishes checks of the foreigners who are working illegally using tourist visas for business.

FM also recommends to PNTL to establish routine checkpoints to check vehicle registration and impound those vehicles without proper original documents and announce to the public that those who have had vehicles stolen can come to the police station to see if their vehicle has been found.

FM also recommends that the government create a law to combat money laundering.  This law can force the banks to report suspicious bank transactions and accounts to the government as suspected money laundering locations.  The government should also set up integrated security systems inside the foreign banks that exist in Timor-Leste as an extra measure of protection against money laundering.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp :  +670 737 4222

[1] La’o Hamutuk “Trying to Scam a Billion from the Petroleum Fund” 4 October 2010 http://www.laohamutuk.org/Oil/PetFund/ACI/10AsianChampInvestment.htm

[2] La’o Hamutuk “Trying to Scam a Billion from the Petroleum Fund” 4 October 2010 http://www.laohamutuk.org/Oil/PetFund/ACI/10AsianChampInvestment.htm

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 9: Komunikadu da Imprenza, Analiza Kona ba Orsamentu Ratifikativu 2010 ba Siguransa no Defesa

Fundasaun Mahein 25 Agostu 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Analiza Kona ba Orsamentu Ratifikativu 2010 ba Siguransa no Defesa

Fundasaun Mahein (FM) nia Lian No. 9 (hetan iha ne’e) ba edisaun ida ne’e, sei halo deskusaun ba osamentu ratifikativu ba osamanetu estadu Seitor Siguransa Defeza.

Iha loron 31 Maiu 2010, Konselhu Ministru Aprova ‘Orsamentu Ratifikativu” ho montante $837,981,000 dolares de amerikanu. orsamentu ida ne’e sae makas liu fali orsamentu estadu tinan 2009 ne’ebe montante $659,996,000 dolares de amerikanu deit.

Orsamentu original ba Ministeriu de Defesa ho Siguransa ninian, total hamutuk $28, 630,000 dolares de amerikanu. Orsamentu ba F-FDTL ho PNTL total $ 51, 940,000 dolares de amerikanu, depois fahe fali ba kada institusaun ba F-FDTL, hamutuk $28,613,000 dolares de amerikanu, i ba PNTL ho total montante hamutuk $23,327,000 dolares de amerikanu.

Konselhu Ministru iha sira nia enkontru iha tinan 2 de Junhu 2010 hasai resolusaun ne’ebe garantia dezenvolvimentu portu provisoriu iha Hera ne’ebe sei gasta osan hamutuk tokon $7,100,000 dolares de amerikanu. Iha biban hanesan Konselhu Ministru mos aprova projeitu konstrusaun publiku ne’e ba kompania internasional LIFESE Engineering, Co, husi Australia ho sistema single sources. FM hanoin katak, Parlementu Komisaun B persiza halo superviza didiak konaba projeitu ne’e. FM mos kestiona ona tambasa maka konstrusaun ida ne’ebe gastu osan boot no involve kompania internasional maibe halo deit portu provisoriu ba F-FDTL Naval nia?

Iha parte seluk FM mos iha prekupasaun bo’ot tebes, konaba estabelesementu Diresaun Nasional Prevensaun de Konflitus Komunitarius (DNPCC), iha SES nia okos. DNPCC hetan alokasaun orsamentu hamutuk $128,000 dolares de amerikanu, osan ida ne’ebe boot tebes. FM kestiona ona ba Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B, tamba sa maka la halo fiskalizasaun ba DNPCC nia atividades, tamba durante tinan rua ona maka dirasaun ne’e harii maibe sidauk halo atividades importante ruma.

FM rekomenda ba Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B, atu halo supervisaun no monitorizasaun, fiskalizasaun ba orsamentu ne’ebe maka aloka ba seitor Defeza ho Siguransa, depois halo relatoriu ida atu bele fo sai ba publiku.

Ho montante orsamentu ida ke bo’ot, Sekretariu do Estadu de Siguransa (SES) no Sekretariu do Estadu de Defesa (SED) tenki iha kapasidade hodi bele desenhu programa ida ke spesifiku relasiona ho oinsa atu bele ezekuta orsamentu sira ne’e ho transparante no akauntibilidade.

FM rekomenda halo diskusaun aberta nebe involve Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B, SES no SED, no mos organizasaun sosiedade sivil hirak ne’e be halo servisu iha area siguransa. Diskusaun ida ne’e ho objetivu atu troka hanoin no mos bele hamosu ideia foun ruma konaba alokasaun orsamentu ho nia ezekusaun ba Defeza ho Siguransa.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu

Nélson Belo

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

http://www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com ,

tlp +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein 25 August 2010

Press release:

The analysis of Ratification of State Budget Year 2010 for Security and Defense Institutions

Fundasaun Mahien (FM) nia Lian No.9 (download here). In this edition we are focused on the ratification of the State budget for government institutions that are assigned to deal with Security and Defense.

On 31 May 2010, The Council of Ministers approved the State ratification budget totalling $837,981,000 USD, which is an increase from last budget in 2009, which was only $659,996,000 USD.

The original budget for the Ministry of Defense and Security totalled $28,630,000 USD. Total budget allocation to F-FDTL and PNTL is $51,940,000 USD which from this figure, $28,613,000 USD was allocated to F-FDTL, and $23,327,000 USD was allocated to PNTL.

The Council of Ministers meeting on 2 June 2010 saw released, the resolution to guarantee the development of a temporary Port in Hera village, for which $7,100,000 USD was allocated. At the same time, the Council of Ministers also approved a project of construction to the International company LIFESE Engineering, Co, from Australia through a single source system. FM highlights that, the National Parliament Commitee B needs to better monitor this project. FM also questions why the Council of Ministers have allocated such a large budget for the temporary Port for F-FDTL Navy?

In addition, FM is also preoccupied in regards to the establisment of the National Direction of Conflict Prevention in the Community (DNPCC), by the State Secretary for Security’s office. DNPCC have a budget totalling $128,000 USD, which is a tremendously large budget. FM also questions why the National Parliament Commitee B, during its two years since inception, has not facilitated any of the activities of DNPCC.

FM recommends to National Parliament Commitee B, to supervise and monitor the execution of the budgets that were allocated to the State Secretary for Defense and Security, as well as write a report that the National Parliament Commitee B can distribute to the public, for the people to be informed.

FM also recommends that SES and SED need to have better capacity to design a specific program, in regards to the execution of the budget in a transparent and accountable manner.

FM recommends to the National Parliament Commitee B, to conduct an open meeting with SES and SED, and involve all the civil society organizations which are focused on the Security Sector. The object of this meeting will be to exchange information about the execution of the budget, and provide civilian oversight to the budgets being allocated to the Government’s Security Sector.

For further information please contact Nélson Belo

Director Fundasaun Mahein

http://www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp +670 737 4222

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 8: Komunikadu da Imprenza, Disputa Rai ho Estabilidade Nasional Iha Timor-Leste (Tetun)

Fundasaun Mahein, 14 Julhu 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Disputa Rai ho Estabilidade Nasional Iha Timor-Leste

Fundasaun Mahein (FM) Nia Lian numero 8 ne’e sei hatuir konaba problema rai iha Timor-Leste, ne’ebe kobre rai boot, ilha ne’ebe pretense ba Timor, rai ketan/fronteira ne’ebe fahe husi nasaun sira ne’ebe mai halo invasaun iha Ilha Timor, i mos halo deskusaun kle’an konaba problema ne’ebe akontense iha tempu Portuguese, i mos problema rai konaba tempu Indonezia no durante tempu 1999 ne’e sorin ida. Sorin seluk, relatoriu ne’e esplika deitalu liu konaba kompleksidade problema rai, nune’e mos liga ba rai no dezemvolvementu, rai no estabilidade, hametin dereitu ba rai no ikus liu hakotu ho konklusaun ho opsaun rekomendasaun konaba rai iha Timor-Leste.

Hadau malu rai nebe akuntese iha tempu Portugal no Indonezia hetok sai komplikadu liu tan ho violensia nebe akuntese iha fulan Setembru 1999. Violensia nebe akuntese depois tinan 1999 maka’as liu hodi haforsa ema barak atu sai husi sira nia rai, dokumentus rai barak mak hetan estraga.  Konsekuensia husi destroisaun nebe militar, polisia no milisia pro Indonezia halao hodi harahun uma hotu pro independensia sira nian.

Iha relatoriu edisaun ida ne’e FM fo sai katak durante tinan 450 resin Portugal ukun rai Timor fo sai deit sertifikadus 2.709. serfikadus sira ne’e barak liu fo ba ema sira nebe besik liu Portugal hanesan liurai sira. Iha parete seluk mos FM fo sai ba publiku durante okupasaun Indonezia nia 24 anus iha Timor fo sertifikadus barak liu fali Portugal. Indonezia hasai sertifikadus hamutuk 44091 ba Timor oan sira ne’ebe besik liu ho Indonezia i lafo sertifikadu ba ema sira ne’ebe pro-independensia.

Komplesksidade problema rai refere kontinua hamosu prekupasaun bo’ot.  Hadau malu rai kontinua akuntese. Seguransa ba rai oituan de’it no ema seidauk bele fiar ba sira nia direitu ba rai nebe sira uza ka hela tanba sistema rai seidauk klaru. Konfuzaun ne’e hamosu konflitu iha komunidade no difikulta prosesu hari dame no  dezenvolvimentu. Tan sa haksesuk malu kona ba rai kontinua akontese hodi kauza bebeik konflitu no teri netik prosesu dezenvolvimentu.

Krize 2006 resulta ema nain 150,000 resin sai husi sira nia uma hodi ba hela iha fatin deslokadus durante tinan rua resin.  Krize 2006 fo indikasaun mai ita katak Timor-Leste nudar nasaun ida nebe potensial tebes ba konflitu.  Los duni katak krize 2006 ne’e mosu tan krize iha korpu militar nian maibe ikus mai mosu iha publiku tan iha interese ba barak uza oportunidade ne’e ba interese privadu no grupu nian. Nune’e bele dehan katak krize laos deit kauza husi buat fator mesak ida maibe iha multi- fator.

Parlamentu Nasional presiza halo diskusaun kle’an liu tan ba Proposta lei rai nebe Konsellu Ministru aprova ona hodi garante interese nacional povu Timor-Lestenian.  Hare ba katak rai ne’e direitu fundamental ema nian, baze ba moris, no identidade ema nian mak ita presiza lei ida nebe refleta duni identidade Timor-Leste nian.

Guvernu atu defini koperasaun sira nebe halo ho organizasaun no doadores sira nebe apoiu dezenvolvimentu administrasaun rai iha Timor-Leste atu halo kapasitasaun diak ba instituisaun Estadu nian ba implementasaun programa.  Koperasaun labele deit halao iha nivel politika deit maibe involve tekniku sira atu hatene prosesu sira nebe la’o durante implementasaun programa.

Ministra da Justisa no USAID atu publika MoU kona ba implementasaun Programa Hametin Direitu ba rai iha Timor-Leste“ Ita Nia Rai” atu publiku bele hetan asesu ba MoU refere. Ida ne’e importante atu garante transparensia ba implementasaun programa sira nebe iralasaun ho asunto fundamental hanesan rai nian.

Bele hetan relatorio iha ne’e.

Fundasaun Mahein, 14 July 2010.

Press Release

Land Dispute and National Instability in Timor-Leste

Fundasaun Mahein (FM) Nia Lian number 8 will discuss land disputes in Timor-Leste, which covers the land, properties, and Islands that are part of Timor, including the border areas which were divided by the foreign occupations of the Island of Timor. The report also highlights in depth, the problems that arose during the Portoguese invasion, and the land problems experienced during the Indonesian occupation, and during 1999.  The report also explains about the complexity of the land situation which is linked to land and development, land and instability and the strength of ownership rights over property. Lastly, FM ends with a conclusion and recommendations.

Land disputes have occurred since the Portuguese time and worsened during the Indonesian time, because of the ruin they caused in Timor-Leste in September of 1999. The 1999 violence forced people to leave their lands and homes, consequently, leaving their ownership documents and files to be burned and ruined. Most of the land documents lost, were those belonging to people who were pro independence.

In this edition being published FM will talk about the fact, that during 450 years of invasion in Timor-Leste, the Portuguese government only released 2.709 land certificates to their Portuguese subordinates and the local kings that were working for them.  On the other hand, FM points out, that during 24 years of the brutal Indonesian occupation in Timor-Leste, 44,091 land certificates were given to the Timorese who were affiliated with Indonesia, and were not people who were pro independence.

The complexity over land issues continued to be a big concern for many people. There is a lack of security regarding land claims, and the people are not confident of their ownership of their land and the houses they live in, because the system is not clear. This obscurity over land ownership has led to conflicts and has made the process of mantaining peace and development difficult. The land claims still being disputed, and other conflicts over property ownership, have been a major barrier for development activities.

The 2006 crisis forced 150,000 Timorese to become internaly displaced pesons for two years. That crisis has indicated to observers, that Timor-Leste has the potential for conflict in the future. It was clear enough, on the surface, that the crisis happened because of problems between the army and police. However, in  the end, the public noted that there were many political interests groups and individuals who were involved, in addition to the many unsolved problem that resurfaced. It can be noted that the cause was not from one single factor only, but it was a crisis caused by multiple factors.

FM recommends in the report, that The National Parliement needs to discuss in-depth, the special bill about property rights which was approved by the Council of Ministers, to guarantee national interest.  Rights over land are fundamental rights for everyone and based on life and personal identity which needs a law, that can reflect the indentity of all Timorese.

FM recommends that the Justice Minister and USAID publish the Memorandum of Understanding that is related to the implemantation of the “Ita Nia Rai” land registration program, so the public can better understand what the project is, and to better guarantee a transparent implementation process of the program.

For further information please contact Nélson Belo,

Director Fundasaun Mahein

www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email.direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp +670 737 4222

Click here to access the report in Tetun language.

POLITIK KEAMANAN NEGARA DALAM REFORMASI KEPOLISIAN NASIONAL

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 5, 12 Januari 2010

POLITIK KEAMANAN NEGARA DALAM REFORMASI KEPOLISIAN NASIONAL

(National Security Politics in the Reform of the National Police)

Januari 2010

Antonio Freitas MA

Pada pemerintahan Konstitusional Pertama, politik negara dalam hal pengelolahan keamanan negara didasarkan pada filosofi keamanan yang seolah-olah memberi kewenangan penting kepada otoritas keamanan dalam negeri dengan unsur Kepolisian sebagai first line of security and defense pada hal secara konstitusional RDTL kita menganut separation of the national power.[2] Filosofi manajemen keamanan ini seolah-olah mengesampingkan manajemen pertahanan yang diemban oleh komponen militer yaitu Falintil-FDTL. Rivalitas pengelolahan keamanan nasional yang seharusnya diembang oleh dua komponen alat keamanan negara dihadapkan pada races of national power yang dilakukan oleh unsur pimpinan negara dalam hal pemerintahan konstitusional Pertama. Rivalitas kewenangan keamanan negara membuat tindakan komponen alat keamanan negara pada situasi dilemma, dimana kekuatan pimpinan politik hadir dengan melakukan arah disorientasi kepada unsur kedua komponen keamanan negara sehingga menimbulkan krisis berkepanjangan yang memberikan implikasi serius terhadap upaya pembangunan keamanan nasional.

mahien_nia_lian_no5_120110.pdf

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 4, 22 Oktober 2009. “Perbatasan dan Keamanan Nasional di Timor-Leste”.

Fundasuan Mahein hakarak atu fo hatene katak ami nia “Mahein Nia Lian” No 4 “Perbatasan dan Keamanan Nasional di Timor-Leste” sei pronto ona.

Atu download click iha ne’e.

mahien_nia_lian_no4_221009.pdf