Mahein nia Lian 21: Dezenvolvimentu Polisia Nasional Timor-Leste (PNTL)

Iha Mahein nia Lian 21 (.pdf), Fundasaun Mahein halo peskiza kle’an ba Dezenvolvementu Polisia Nasional Timor-Leste.

Dezenvolvementu Polisia Timor-Leste, hanesan seitor barak seluk nebe’e iha dezenvolvementu nasional , no ne’e obstaklu maka’as los. Importante liu atu dezenvolve iha PNTL laran mak Polisia ne’e rasik.  Polisiamentu ne’e kompleksu , serbisu ne’ebe difisil, ne’ebe perzisa duni matenek diak nian iha lei ho prosedementus sira, no mos pesoal polisia ne’ebe iha  kapasidade naton . Alen de esforsu an atu hasae kapasidade ba autor nasional no mos internasional, hetok hetan ofisiais PNTL ne’ebe sei iha problema. Iha Mahein nia Lian 21, FM deteta tanba saida?.

Atu suporta kna’ar individual ofisiais Polisia sira nian, tenki persiza kapasita PNTL ho suporta ida ne’ebe adekuadu. Ofisiais Polisia persiza fatin ne’ebe uutuliza hodi halo serbisu ba, kareta ne’ebe persiza atu responde ba insedente no komputador ne’ebe persiza atu grava arkivu ba krime ne’ebe tama. Edefisiu/uma , ekipamentu no individual sira ne’ebe persiza fo suporta no sistema  administrasaun ne’ebe forte atu bele hamenus inkapasidade. Iha Mahein nia Lian 21, FM deskobre katak konstruksaun ba edefisiu  Polisia sidauk iha, kareta sira ne’ebe uza la tuir fatin los nian, no mos sistema administrasaun atu suporta PNTL fraku tebes.

PNTL nia mandatu atu hari’i lei no hare’e ba protesaun ne’ebe seguru ba povu Timor-Leste. Atu ezekuta kna’ar ne’e, delega sira ho kapasidade ne’ebe forte atu deteina ameasa ne’ebe iha potensial boot. Atu hetan lejitima ba kna’ar ne’e , PNTL tenki hatene sira nia kapasidade boot liu wainhira fo kna’ar boot ba sira. Maske nune’e FM deskobre nomeru PNTL atus ba atus ne’ebe mosu kada tinan-tinan no lori deit lubuk balun ba tribunal.

Ho Lei Organiku PNTL ne’ebe deklara katak hakbesik ba komunidade ne’e prefere liu ba modelu  polisiamentu ba PNTL, no PNTL kontinua hakbesik ba komunidade ho nomeru boot no uza  polisiamentu ida ne’ebe ho operasaun  militaristiku ba Ninja iha Bobonaro-Suai no operasaun ho naran 88 iha Baucau. FM husu tanba sa maka polisia husi distritus hat ne’e tenki halo operasaun ho intimidasaun lokal no naukten sira? FM husu tanba sa maka okontesemente ne’e mosu iha tinan 2010 maibe nusa maka halo fali responde iha tinan 2011? FM husu, agresivu no fo sai ba ema hotu ho meus diak konaba tipu operasaun ne’e katak fo ona solusaun ba problema hirak ne’ebe mosu?

FM argumentu tan katak  PNTL nia kna’ar ne’e halo lolos nian no hari’i forsa polisia ida ne’ebe efetivu. Polisia ida tenki iha mantein relasaun forte ho komunidade no responsivamentu imidiatu ba komunidade nia persiza. Kna’ar ida ne’e, la’os boot,  no operasaun ida ne’e karun atu atinje objetivu no mos benefisiu ba povu Timor-Leste.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

 

Press Release 

National Police of Timor Leste (PNTL) Development

 In Mahein nia Lian 21, Fundasaun Mahein has carried out in-depth research in to the state of police development in Timor Leste.

Developing the police in Timor Leste, like many other aspects of national development, is tremendously challenging. The most important thing to develop within the police is the police themselves. Policing is a complex, difficult task, which requires a good knowledge of law and procedure, as well as excellent interpersonal skills. Despite much effort to increase capacity by both national and international actors, many PNTL officers are still found wanting.  In Mahein nia Lian 21, FM finds out why.

In order to support the work of individual police officers, the PNTL needs to provide them with adequate support. Police officers need offices from which to work, cars with which to respond to incidents and computers with which to record crimes. Buildings, equipment and individuals need to be supported by strong administrative systems to ensure sustainability. In Mahein nia Lian 21, FM finds that police buildings are not being built, cars are in the wrong place and the administrative systems that support the police are weak.

The PNTL is tasked with upholding the law and seeing to the protection and safety of the people of Timor Leste. In order to carry out this responsibility, they are entrusted with the power to arrest and to use potentially lethal force.  To legitimately hold this responsibility, the PNTL must ensure that they themselves are beyond reproach. However FM finds that of the hundreds of PNTL disciplinary cases every year, very few make it to court.

Despite the Police Organic Law stating that community engagement is the preferred policing model of the PNTL, the PNTL continue to engage in large scale and militaristic policing operations as seen with Operation Ninja in Bobonaro and the recent Operation 88 in Baucau. FM asks why the Police from four districts were required to deal with a local case of intimidation and theft? FM asks why an incident that occurred in 2010 requires a response in 2011? FM asks if aggressive and well-publicized police operations of this type are the best response to these problems?

FM argues that PNTL’s work would best directed at building an effective police force. A police force which maintains strong relations to the community and is responsive to their needs. This work, rather than large, expensive operations to chase ghosts, will be of most benefit to Timor Leste.

If you require further information on this then contact:

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Mahein Nia Lian No. 16: Komunikadu Imprenza Analiza Osamentu Defeza no Siguransa Timor-Leste 2011

Fundasaun Mahein, 22 Janeiru 2011

Fundasaun Mahein nia Lian iha edisaun 16, halo deskuite klean konaba alokasaun osamentu ba seitor Defeza no Siguransa hahu husi tinan 2009, 2010 no 2011 nian. Timor-Leste nudar nasaun ida ne’ebe foin hahu dezenvolve persiza haforsa seitor defeza no siguransa, liu husi osamentu esatdu nian. Maske la’os osamentu mak solusaun uniku ba defeza no siguransa maibe ita labele taka matan katak problema alokasaun osamentu ba seitor siguransa no defeza ne’e importante tebes, no persiza iha planu no programa ne’ebe adekuadu para bele sosa ekipamentus hirak ne’ebe diak no tuir kontekstu  Timor-Leste nian.

Hanesan governu aloka osamentu ba seitor defeza no siguransa husi tinan 2009 ne’ebe kuaze $59.000.000 USD, aumenta iha 2010 to’o $60.000.000 USD maibe, 2011 redus fali sai $51.000.000 USD AS ne’ebe la inklui ho alokasaun $3.900.000 USD resin ne’ebe alokasaun ne’e mai husi ministeriu Infarsturtura ba seitor defeza no siguransa. Ho ida ne’e, tinan 2011 alokasaun osamentu ba defeza no siguransa to’o deit $54.900.000 USD resin

Tuir FM nia hare’e, alokasaun osamentu ba seitor defeza no siguransa husi tinan 2009 – 2010 to’o 2011 ne’e hatudu katak dezenhu osamentu defeza no siguransa ladun konkretu. No tuir observasaun husi FM prosesu dezenhu alokasaun ladun definitivu.

Relatoriu ne’e mos kestiaona katak wainhira sosa ekipamentus instituisaun defeza no siguransa nian tenki tradus ka esplika iha programa alokasaun. Instituisaun defeza no siguransa Timor Leste ne’ebe diak maka tenki iha sistema planu, programa, alokasaun osamentu ne’ebe diak. Persiza estudu viabilidade sosa  ro patrolhamentu rua husi nasaun Cina ho folin $28.000.000 USD ne’ebe laiha  estudi kelayakan, karik sosa ro ne’e bele kondis ho tasi timor ka lae? No portu atu ro sadere ne’e iha ka lae? Tanba realidade hatudu katak ro rua ne’ebe iha ida at ona no laiha portu.

Bazeia ba kestaun hirak ne’e, FM hakarak rekomenda ba governu katak karik iha futuru oin mai antes atu sosa ro ba PNTL Undade Maritima no F-FDTL Komponente Naval persiza iha planu dezenhu osamentu no manutensaun atu nune’e bele garantia ba operasaun ro ne’ebe iha.

FM mos sujere atu sosa ro patrolhamentu tenki tuir nesesidade no bazeia ba kontelasaun geografikamente ba area tasi timor nian.

Nune’e mos, FM husu ba governu tenki hasae kapasitasaun ba maneija alokasaun osamentu, espesialmente ba seitor defeza no siguransa atu nune’e osamentu ne’ebe refere bele uza ba dezenvolvementu instituisaun defeza no siguransa iha Timor Leste.

Ba Parlamentu Nasional, liu-liu  Komisaun B ba asuntu defeza no sigurasa, FM husu tenki halo kontrola maka’as ba implementasaun osamentu liu-liu iha seitor defeza no siguransa. Kontrola ho signifika katak la’os hare’e deit relatoriu husi governu maibe persiza hare’e mos kondisaun iha tereinu.

Imi bele hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp:         +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, 22 January 2011

Press Release

Analysis of the Budget for Defense and Security in Timor Leste  2011

In the Voice of Fundasaun Mahein, 16th edition, we will debate in depth the issues concerning budget allocation for the Defense and Security sector starting from the years 2009-2010 to 2011.  As a new nation, Timor-Leste needs to develop a strong defense and security sector through the state budget.   Although the budget is not the only solution for defense and security, we should not ignore the importance of budget allocation for defense and security.  An adequate plan and program are needed to buy equipment according to the contextual needs of contemporary Timor-Leste.

The same government that allocated a budget of $59,000,000 for the defense and security sector in 2009, increased it in 2010 to $ 60,000,000. For 2011 they reduced it to $51,000,000, which did not included the $3,900,000 extra that come from the ministry for Infrastructure to the defense and Security sector.  With this, the total amount allocated for the defense and security sector budget for the year 2011 comes to $54,900,000.

Based on what FM sees, the budget allocated to the defense and security sector from 2009-2010 to 2011, this shows that the design for the defense and security budget is not very concrete.  And based on the observations from FM, the design process of allocation is not definitive.

This report questions/raises doubts that when equipment is purchased for defense and security institutions, the government should translate or explain the allocation program.  Defense and security institutions in Timor-Leste, which have good systems, need to use appropriate plans and programs to allocate the budget in an effective way.  An advanced study is needed to evaluate the viability of purchasing two naval patrol boats from China for the price of $28,000,000, and whether or not these boats meets the geographical needs for the protecting the waters of Timor-Leste.  Are there ports for these boats park in or not?  Reality shows that there is not yet any port capable of handling these two boats.

Based on these matters/questions, FM wants to recommend that in the future, the government review the design of the budget plan before purchasing boats for PNTL’s Maritime Unit and the F-FDTL’s Naval Component, so they can guarantee they receive maintenance for these boats.

FM also suggests that the government consider the geographical requirements of Timor-Leste’s waters, when purchasing patrol boats.

More so, FM asks that the government raise their capacity to manage budget allocation, so the budget can be used to effectively develop the defense and security institutions in Timor-Leste.

FM asks the National Parliament, especially Commission B, to exercise strong control over budget implementation, especially in the defense and security sector.  Significant control means not just looking at reports from the government, but must also observing the condition in training/practice.

For more information on this issue, please contact

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Telp. +670 737 4222

MAHEIN NIA LIAN NO. 13: Komunikadu da Imprenza: Kna’ar Falintil – Forsa Defesa Timor-Leste (F-FDTL) iha Faze Ukun Rasik A’an husi 2002 – 2010.

Fundasaun Mahein 28 Outubru 2010

Iha Fundasaun Mahein nia Lian edisaun no. 13 fokus ba iha Forças Armadas da Libertação Nacional de Timor-Leste (FALINTIL) hatudu ona nia didikasaun no komitmentu durante okupasaun Indonezia ne’ebe sai hanesan mos fundasaun ida ba F-FDTL sai Defesa Nasional ne’ebe iha prinsipiu neutraliadade iha sistema politik demokrasia Timor-Leste ninia. Mesmu F-FDTL nia abut husi partidu Fretilin ne’ebe nudar organizasaun hahoris naran Falintil, maibe transformasaun Falintil ba F-FDTL tenki iha prinsipiu imparsialidade atu garantia independesia no submete lolos nia a’an ba regras no leis iha rai Republika Demokratika Timor-Leste. Timor-Leste tama faze foun ona ho sistema forsa defesa nasional nebe sei buka lolos koloka kna’ar forsa defesa ninia atu labele iha konflitus politika siguransa iha rai laran. Premeira ves iha Timor-Leste nia istoria akontese instituisaun siguransa nasional hanesan F-FDTL no Polisia Nasional Timor-Leste (PNTL) sai hanesan hun ba konflitu no instabilidade iha tinan 2006.

Timor-Leste parese hatene katak laos selebrasaun mak sai hanesan objetivu fundamental ida ba instituisaun militar para tinan-tinan selebra nia aniversariu, maibe instituisaun militar ne’e persiza hare fila fali katak iha ona tinan walu (8) nia laran sai hanesan instituisaun formal militar ida iha nasaun demokratiku, persiza komesa hametin fundasaun disiplina no profesionalismu militar ba membru sira, ho objetivu katak militar tenki ho mentalidade atu defende interese povu laos interese institusionalidade (institusionalismu). Kestaun ne’e bele hare klean liu, tamba instituisaun laos atu representa grupu ou instituisaun maibe tenki halo sira nia kna’ar tuir konstituisaun haruka, “servisu militar halo tuir lei haruka.” Bazeia legal ne’e importante tebes ba membru militar sira wainhira sira halao servisu militar ninia no nee mos bele prevene politiku nain sira atu intervene ba organizasaun militar ninia. Leitura ida nee tenta atu examina kna’ar Forsa Defesa Timor-Leste liu husi loron nia asume responsabilidade hanesan forsa defeza nasional Timor-Leste iha 20 Maiu 2002 to’o 2010.

Wainhira asembleia nasional aprova konstituisaun no Timor-oan sira ofisialmente deklara Timor-Leste sai rai ida soberanu iha loron 20 Maiu 2002, iha tempu hanesan F-FDTL mos sai formalmente representa militar nasaun ida. Iha kapasidade profesionalismu no fasilidade ne’ebe limitadu teb-tebes, Timor-Leste konsege hahu instituisaun militar ida ne’ebe ho fiar ida katak sei lori interese nasional liu sasan hotu-hotu no garantia soberanu Timor-Leste. Iha FM nia relatoriu ne’e deskobre katak “dezenvolve forsa ida atu proteze Timor-oan husi ameasa liur, tulun azensia guvernu sira no hari’i ami nia rai.” Boa vontade husi Timor-Leste atu hari’i instituisaun militar hetan reasaun positivu husi komunidade internasional liu husi asistensia nasaun bar-barak. Liu husi kanal bilaterais husi Portugal, Australia, Estadu Unidos, Cina, Malaizia noTailandia liu husi treinamentu rai laran no liur, fo ikipamentu, hari’i fasilidade no treinamentu kona ba ajuda logistiku ninia.

Iha FM nia relatoriu ne’e mos deklara katak politikamente to’o ohin loron strutura liders F-FDTL sei domina husi eis membrus Falintil sira i maioria sira hotu foin mak apariende no hetan treinamentu profesional militar iha tempu badak idepois Timor-Leste hetan independensia. Nee mos sai obstaklu ida ba mediu prazu ninia atu dezenvolve lolos instituisaun militar ida ho independente no profesional tamba sei defisil ituan atu haketak Falinitl no F-FDTL.  Rees ispilika katak, “momentu transformasaun F-FDTL hanesan halo lalais liu, ne’e duni defisil ituan haketak F-FDTL husi nia abut Falintil, atu haketak sira bele hamosu interpertasaun negativu no bele interperta sala ba nia future dirasaun.” Husi kestaun nee bele dehan katak F-FDTL sidauk halao nia funsaun totalmente hanesan instituisaun militar profesional tamba emosionalmente no pisikoloziamente membrus eis Falintil sei defisil adapta no koloka sira nia a’an ba regras instituisaun militar. Istoria Falintil bele influenza hahalok no politika F-FDTL ninia iha kualker tempu.

Iha relatoriu ne’e mos FM rekomenda ba estadu no guvernu Timor-Leste iha area balun hakas a’an ona atu dezenvolve ninia instituisaun forsa armada sai hanesan militar profesional nebe hakruk a’an ba povu nia interese, espesialmente sivil mak kontrola institusaun militar ninia (Military under civilian control). Kestaun nee bele aplika iha Timor-Leste wainhira elementus hotu-hotu iha vontade politika atu kaer metin prinsipiu militar iha rai demokratiku. Timor-Leste persiza kria kondisaun ida par povu mak bele halo kontrolizasaun ba kna’ar militar ninia, liu-liu sosidade sivil bele iha kapasidade atu bele halo kontribuisaun no dezenvolvimentu atu kontrola lalaok militar. “Iha rai ida demokratika, sosidade sivil tenki bele hanoin halo nusa bele fo apoiu ideas par bele kontrola milita. Konaba aspeitu ida ne’e, estadu no guvernu nebe kaer pasta politika forsa defesa nia persiza mos involve sosidade sivil atu bele hatene klean liu kona ba politika defesa nia. Ministeriu Defesa hanesan parte sivil halo dadauk politika defesa nia, purtantu Timor-Leste bele dehan sivil mos hola parte ba prosesu hari’i funsionamentu F-FDTL.” Prosesu ne’e bele interperta katak sivil komesa iha parte ida kontrola lalaok militar nia liu husi alokasaun orsamentu halo politika atu hari’i no hametin instituisaun militar tuir regras demokrasia Timor-Leste ninia.

Instituisaun militar persiza hadia mentalidade membrus sira husi veteranu resistensia ba militar profesional no hanoin nasional ba kontekstu standar internasional. Membru sira persiza hasae sira nia matenek liu husi trainamentu no haruka sira bele iskola tan iha universidade konaba assuntus lei nian, justisa, direitus, saude buat seluk-seluk tan. Unversidade sira rai laran no liur mos bele servisu hamutuk ho instituisaun militar bele iha intreasaun enter estudante sira atraves husi siminariu, estaziu, peskiza, despotu, servisu sosial ho parte seluk-seluk tan. Instituisaun militar persiza loke a’an ba publiku para simu kritikas, sugestaun no intereasaun direitamente entre povu ho membru militar sira, nune sira bele hatene no habesik a’an ba instituisaun nee, loke mos debates ou siminariu bar-barak konaba kna’ar F-FDTL iha rai ida demokratiku.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu.

Hetan relatoriu iha ne’e.

Nélson Belo,

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

Tlp: +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein, October  28,  2010

Press Release

Falintil-Forca Defensa Timor-Leste (F-FDTL) in the Era of Independence, 2002 to 2010.

In the 13th Mahein’s Voice (Mahein Nia Lian No. 13 in English) focuses to Forças Armadas da Libertação Nacional de Timor-Leste (FALINTIL) showed its dedication and commitment during the Indonesian occupation and became the foundation for F-FDTL, a national defense force that has the principle of neutrality within the democratic political system of Timor Leste. Although F-FDTL’s roots come from the FRETILIN party  the organization that produced the name FALINTIL- the transformation of FALINTIL to F-FDTL must have the principle of impartiality, in order to guarantee independence and truly submit itself to the regulations and laws of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste. Timor Leste has entered a new phase  that searches for the right place and function of the defense force so that there is no conflict of security policy  in the country. For the first time in the history of Timor Leste, national security institutions such as F-FDTL and Timor Leste National Police (PNTL) became a major source of conflict and instability in 2006.

Timor Leste surely knows that celebrating their aniversary every year is not the fundamental objective of the military, but that the military institution needs to focus on how during eight years of becoming a formal military institution in a democratic country, they have continued to strengthen the foundation of discipline and military professionalism of their members, with a purpose of creating a military with a mentality of defending the interests of the people, not the interest of the institution (Institutionalism). An institution should not represent groups or institutions, but do its duty as the constitution requires. “Military duty is to follow the order of the Constitution”. This legal basis is very important for military members when they carry out their military duties as this can prevent politicians from intervening with military organisations. This article attempts to examine the role of F-FDTL since the day it acquired responsiblity as Timor Leste’s national defense force from 20 May 2002 until the present.

When the National Assembly approved the constitution and the East Timorese declared Timor Leste a sovereign nation-state on 20 May 2002,  the  F-FDTL also formally became the military representative of this country. With a very limited professional capacity and a lack of facilities, Timor Leste managed to form a military institution with the belief of considering the national interest over other things and guaranteeing the sovereignity of Timor Leste. In FM’s report also found that, “develop a force to protect the people of Timor Leste from outside threat, help the governmental agencies, and build our country”. The goodwill of Timor Leste in forming a military institution recieved positive feedback from the international community through the assistace of many countries – bilateral agreements with Portugal, Australia, the United States, China, Malaysia, and Thailand regarding both in-country training and training abroad, providing equipment, building facilities, and training about logistic assistance

In FM’s report said that, politically, the leadership structure of F-FDTL to this date is still dominated by the ex-members of FALINTIL and a majority of them learned and received professional military training for only a very short time after Timor Leste gained its independence. This is an obstacle to really developing a military institution that is independent and professional because it is  diffcult to separate FALINTIL and F-FDTL. Edward Rees explains that “the moment of F-FDTL transformation was too soon so it is quite difficult to separate F-FDTL from its root FALINTIL because separating them could cause negative interpretation and wrong interpretation to its future direction.” From this case, it could be said that F-FDTL has not achieved its function completely as a professional military institution because emotionally and psycologically members of ex FALINTIL have difficulty adapting and putting themselves under the regulations of the military institution. The history of FALINTIL has the ability to influence the behavior and politics of F-FDTL at any time.

In the report FM also recommends that, the State or governent of Timor Leste has forced their army institution in some ways to become a more professional military that bows to the interest of the people, especially by putting the military under civilian control. This case will be fully applied in Timor Leste when all the members have the political willingness to hold the military to the principles of a democratic country. Timor Leste needs to create a condition where its’ people can control the military. Civil society can contribute to the development of military activities. “In a democratic country, civil society should be able to think about how to give supportive ideas to control the military. Along these lines, the government that makes defence force policy also needs to involve civil society more, in order for them to know more about defense policy.The Ministry of Defense, as well as civil society, is making defence policy. It could be said that civilians can also take part in the process of development of F-FDTL in Timor Leste. This process could be interpreted as civilians begining to control military activity through budget allocation to make policies that build and strenghten the military institution according to the regulations of democratic Timor Leste.

The military institution needs to improve the mentality of its members, moving from that ofa resistance organization to that of a professional military, who think in the context of international standards. They need to increase their knowledge through training and also attend university where they can study law, justice, rights, health and other things. Universities in this country and abroad can also work together with the military institution to have an interaction between students.  This could involve seminars, research, sports, social services, and other components. The military institution needs to be open when receiving public criticisms and suggestions, and increase their direct interactions with the people so that they know and get close to the institution. Open debates and seminars about the role of F-FDTL in a democratic country are also useful in helping the public understand what F-FDTL actually does.

For more informasaun on this issue, please contact

To download the report in english click here.

Nélson Belo,

Director of Fundasaun Mahein

Web: www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

Email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp :  +670 737 4222

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 9: Komunikadu da Imprenza, Analiza Kona ba Orsamentu Ratifikativu 2010 ba Siguransa no Defesa

Fundasaun Mahein 25 Agostu 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Analiza Kona ba Orsamentu Ratifikativu 2010 ba Siguransa no Defesa

Fundasaun Mahein (FM) nia Lian No. 9 (hetan iha ne’e) ba edisaun ida ne’e, sei halo deskusaun ba osamentu ratifikativu ba osamanetu estadu Seitor Siguransa Defeza.

Iha loron 31 Maiu 2010, Konselhu Ministru Aprova ‘Orsamentu Ratifikativu” ho montante $837,981,000 dolares de amerikanu. orsamentu ida ne’e sae makas liu fali orsamentu estadu tinan 2009 ne’ebe montante $659,996,000 dolares de amerikanu deit.

Orsamentu original ba Ministeriu de Defesa ho Siguransa ninian, total hamutuk $28, 630,000 dolares de amerikanu. Orsamentu ba F-FDTL ho PNTL total $ 51, 940,000 dolares de amerikanu, depois fahe fali ba kada institusaun ba F-FDTL, hamutuk $28,613,000 dolares de amerikanu, i ba PNTL ho total montante hamutuk $23,327,000 dolares de amerikanu.

Konselhu Ministru iha sira nia enkontru iha tinan 2 de Junhu 2010 hasai resolusaun ne’ebe garantia dezenvolvimentu portu provisoriu iha Hera ne’ebe sei gasta osan hamutuk tokon $7,100,000 dolares de amerikanu. Iha biban hanesan Konselhu Ministru mos aprova projeitu konstrusaun publiku ne’e ba kompania internasional LIFESE Engineering, Co, husi Australia ho sistema single sources. FM hanoin katak, Parlementu Komisaun B persiza halo superviza didiak konaba projeitu ne’e. FM mos kestiona ona tambasa maka konstrusaun ida ne’ebe gastu osan boot no involve kompania internasional maibe halo deit portu provisoriu ba F-FDTL Naval nia?

Iha parte seluk FM mos iha prekupasaun bo’ot tebes, konaba estabelesementu Diresaun Nasional Prevensaun de Konflitus Komunitarius (DNPCC), iha SES nia okos. DNPCC hetan alokasaun orsamentu hamutuk $128,000 dolares de amerikanu, osan ida ne’ebe boot tebes. FM kestiona ona ba Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B, tamba sa maka la halo fiskalizasaun ba DNPCC nia atividades, tamba durante tinan rua ona maka dirasaun ne’e harii maibe sidauk halo atividades importante ruma.

FM rekomenda ba Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B, atu halo supervisaun no monitorizasaun, fiskalizasaun ba orsamentu ne’ebe maka aloka ba seitor Defeza ho Siguransa, depois halo relatoriu ida atu bele fo sai ba publiku.

Ho montante orsamentu ida ke bo’ot, Sekretariu do Estadu de Siguransa (SES) no Sekretariu do Estadu de Defesa (SED) tenki iha kapasidade hodi bele desenhu programa ida ke spesifiku relasiona ho oinsa atu bele ezekuta orsamentu sira ne’e ho transparante no akauntibilidade.

FM rekomenda halo diskusaun aberta nebe involve Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B, SES no SED, no mos organizasaun sosiedade sivil hirak ne’e be halo servisu iha area siguransa. Diskusaun ida ne’e ho objetivu atu troka hanoin no mos bele hamosu ideia foun ruma konaba alokasaun orsamentu ho nia ezekusaun ba Defeza ho Siguransa.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu

Nélson Belo

Direktor Fundasaun Mahein

http://www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com ,

tlp +670 737 4222

Fundasaun Mahein 25 August 2010

Press release:

The analysis of Ratification of State Budget Year 2010 for Security and Defense Institutions

Fundasaun Mahien (FM) nia Lian No.9 (download here). In this edition we are focused on the ratification of the State budget for government institutions that are assigned to deal with Security and Defense.

On 31 May 2010, The Council of Ministers approved the State ratification budget totalling $837,981,000 USD, which is an increase from last budget in 2009, which was only $659,996,000 USD.

The original budget for the Ministry of Defense and Security totalled $28,630,000 USD. Total budget allocation to F-FDTL and PNTL is $51,940,000 USD which from this figure, $28,613,000 USD was allocated to F-FDTL, and $23,327,000 USD was allocated to PNTL.

The Council of Ministers meeting on 2 June 2010 saw released, the resolution to guarantee the development of a temporary Port in Hera village, for which $7,100,000 USD was allocated. At the same time, the Council of Ministers also approved a project of construction to the International company LIFESE Engineering, Co, from Australia through a single source system. FM highlights that, the National Parliament Commitee B needs to better monitor this project. FM also questions why the Council of Ministers have allocated such a large budget for the temporary Port for F-FDTL Navy?

In addition, FM is also preoccupied in regards to the establisment of the National Direction of Conflict Prevention in the Community (DNPCC), by the State Secretary for Security’s office. DNPCC have a budget totalling $128,000 USD, which is a tremendously large budget. FM also questions why the National Parliament Commitee B, during its two years since inception, has not facilitated any of the activities of DNPCC.

FM recommends to National Parliament Commitee B, to supervise and monitor the execution of the budgets that were allocated to the State Secretary for Defense and Security, as well as write a report that the National Parliament Commitee B can distribute to the public, for the people to be informed.

FM also recommends that SES and SED need to have better capacity to design a specific program, in regards to the execution of the budget in a transparent and accountable manner.

FM recommends to the National Parliament Commitee B, to conduct an open meeting with SES and SED, and involve all the civil society organizations which are focused on the Security Sector. The object of this meeting will be to exchange information about the execution of the budget, and provide civilian oversight to the budgets being allocated to the Government’s Security Sector.

For further information please contact Nélson Belo

Director Fundasaun Mahein

http://www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email: direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp +670 737 4222

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 8: Komunikadu da Imprenza, Disputa Rai ho Estabilidade Nasional Iha Timor-Leste (Tetun)

Fundasaun Mahein, 14 Julhu 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Disputa Rai ho Estabilidade Nasional Iha Timor-Leste

Fundasaun Mahein (FM) Nia Lian numero 8 ne’e sei hatuir konaba problema rai iha Timor-Leste, ne’ebe kobre rai boot, ilha ne’ebe pretense ba Timor, rai ketan/fronteira ne’ebe fahe husi nasaun sira ne’ebe mai halo invasaun iha Ilha Timor, i mos halo deskusaun kle’an konaba problema ne’ebe akontense iha tempu Portuguese, i mos problema rai konaba tempu Indonezia no durante tempu 1999 ne’e sorin ida. Sorin seluk, relatoriu ne’e esplika deitalu liu konaba kompleksidade problema rai, nune’e mos liga ba rai no dezemvolvementu, rai no estabilidade, hametin dereitu ba rai no ikus liu hakotu ho konklusaun ho opsaun rekomendasaun konaba rai iha Timor-Leste.

Hadau malu rai nebe akuntese iha tempu Portugal no Indonezia hetok sai komplikadu liu tan ho violensia nebe akuntese iha fulan Setembru 1999. Violensia nebe akuntese depois tinan 1999 maka’as liu hodi haforsa ema barak atu sai husi sira nia rai, dokumentus rai barak mak hetan estraga.  Konsekuensia husi destroisaun nebe militar, polisia no milisia pro Indonezia halao hodi harahun uma hotu pro independensia sira nian.

Iha relatoriu edisaun ida ne’e FM fo sai katak durante tinan 450 resin Portugal ukun rai Timor fo sai deit sertifikadus 2.709. serfikadus sira ne’e barak liu fo ba ema sira nebe besik liu Portugal hanesan liurai sira. Iha parete seluk mos FM fo sai ba publiku durante okupasaun Indonezia nia 24 anus iha Timor fo sertifikadus barak liu fali Portugal. Indonezia hasai sertifikadus hamutuk 44091 ba Timor oan sira ne’ebe besik liu ho Indonezia i lafo sertifikadu ba ema sira ne’ebe pro-independensia.

Komplesksidade problema rai refere kontinua hamosu prekupasaun bo’ot.  Hadau malu rai kontinua akuntese. Seguransa ba rai oituan de’it no ema seidauk bele fiar ba sira nia direitu ba rai nebe sira uza ka hela tanba sistema rai seidauk klaru. Konfuzaun ne’e hamosu konflitu iha komunidade no difikulta prosesu hari dame no  dezenvolvimentu. Tan sa haksesuk malu kona ba rai kontinua akontese hodi kauza bebeik konflitu no teri netik prosesu dezenvolvimentu.

Krize 2006 resulta ema nain 150,000 resin sai husi sira nia uma hodi ba hela iha fatin deslokadus durante tinan rua resin.  Krize 2006 fo indikasaun mai ita katak Timor-Leste nudar nasaun ida nebe potensial tebes ba konflitu.  Los duni katak krize 2006 ne’e mosu tan krize iha korpu militar nian maibe ikus mai mosu iha publiku tan iha interese ba barak uza oportunidade ne’e ba interese privadu no grupu nian. Nune’e bele dehan katak krize laos deit kauza husi buat fator mesak ida maibe iha multi- fator.

Parlamentu Nasional presiza halo diskusaun kle’an liu tan ba Proposta lei rai nebe Konsellu Ministru aprova ona hodi garante interese nacional povu Timor-Lestenian.  Hare ba katak rai ne’e direitu fundamental ema nian, baze ba moris, no identidade ema nian mak ita presiza lei ida nebe refleta duni identidade Timor-Leste nian.

Guvernu atu defini koperasaun sira nebe halo ho organizasaun no doadores sira nebe apoiu dezenvolvimentu administrasaun rai iha Timor-Leste atu halo kapasitasaun diak ba instituisaun Estadu nian ba implementasaun programa.  Koperasaun labele deit halao iha nivel politika deit maibe involve tekniku sira atu hatene prosesu sira nebe la’o durante implementasaun programa.

Ministra da Justisa no USAID atu publika MoU kona ba implementasaun Programa Hametin Direitu ba rai iha Timor-Leste“ Ita Nia Rai” atu publiku bele hetan asesu ba MoU refere. Ida ne’e importante atu garante transparensia ba implementasaun programa sira nebe iralasaun ho asunto fundamental hanesan rai nian.

Bele hetan relatorio iha ne’e.

Fundasaun Mahein, 14 July 2010.

Press Release

Land Dispute and National Instability in Timor-Leste

Fundasaun Mahein (FM) Nia Lian number 8 will discuss land disputes in Timor-Leste, which covers the land, properties, and Islands that are part of Timor, including the border areas which were divided by the foreign occupations of the Island of Timor. The report also highlights in depth, the problems that arose during the Portoguese invasion, and the land problems experienced during the Indonesian occupation, and during 1999.  The report also explains about the complexity of the land situation which is linked to land and development, land and instability and the strength of ownership rights over property. Lastly, FM ends with a conclusion and recommendations.

Land disputes have occurred since the Portuguese time and worsened during the Indonesian time, because of the ruin they caused in Timor-Leste in September of 1999. The 1999 violence forced people to leave their lands and homes, consequently, leaving their ownership documents and files to be burned and ruined. Most of the land documents lost, were those belonging to people who were pro independence.

In this edition being published FM will talk about the fact, that during 450 years of invasion in Timor-Leste, the Portuguese government only released 2.709 land certificates to their Portuguese subordinates and the local kings that were working for them.  On the other hand, FM points out, that during 24 years of the brutal Indonesian occupation in Timor-Leste, 44,091 land certificates were given to the Timorese who were affiliated with Indonesia, and were not people who were pro independence.

The complexity over land issues continued to be a big concern for many people. There is a lack of security regarding land claims, and the people are not confident of their ownership of their land and the houses they live in, because the system is not clear. This obscurity over land ownership has led to conflicts and has made the process of mantaining peace and development difficult. The land claims still being disputed, and other conflicts over property ownership, have been a major barrier for development activities.

The 2006 crisis forced 150,000 Timorese to become internaly displaced pesons for two years. That crisis has indicated to observers, that Timor-Leste has the potential for conflict in the future. It was clear enough, on the surface, that the crisis happened because of problems between the army and police. However, in  the end, the public noted that there were many political interests groups and individuals who were involved, in addition to the many unsolved problem that resurfaced. It can be noted that the cause was not from one single factor only, but it was a crisis caused by multiple factors.

FM recommends in the report, that The National Parliement needs to discuss in-depth, the special bill about property rights which was approved by the Council of Ministers, to guarantee national interest.  Rights over land are fundamental rights for everyone and based on life and personal identity which needs a law, that can reflect the indentity of all Timorese.

FM recommends that the Justice Minister and USAID publish the Memorandum of Understanding that is related to the implemantation of the “Ita Nia Rai” land registration program, so the public can better understand what the project is, and to better guarantee a transparent implementation process of the program.

For further information please contact Nélson Belo,

Director Fundasaun Mahein

www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com

email.direktor.mahein[at]gmail.com

tlp +670 737 4222

Click here to access the report in Tetun language.

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 6: Komunikadu da Imprenza, Grupu ho Kilat Ilegal iha Timor Leste (Tetun)

Fundasaun Mahein 7 Junhu 2010

Komunikadu da Imprenza

Grupu ho Kilat Ilegal iha Timor Leste

Fundasaun Mahein www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com hanesan ONG nasional nebe halo monitorizasaun, peskiza ho advokasia ba seitor siguransa iha Timor Leste.

Iha fulan ne’e Fundasaun Mahein (FM), hasai relatoriu ida ba publiku ho nia titlu: “Kilat Ilegal ho Grupu Ilegal iha Timor Leste” relatoriu ne’e foka ba akontesementu Ninja, Grupu Ilegal ho Kilat Ilegal husi fulan Fevereiru 2010 to mai operasasaun PNTL iha distritu Bobonaro ho Suai. Iha relatoriu ida ne’e ami inklui mos rumores nebe despalha iha komunidade katak grupu illegal tiru malun ho COE (Comando Operasaun Especial) iha loron 16 Maiu 2010, iha distriu Ermera.

Hanesan ita hotu hatene katak Grupu illegal ho kilat laos buat ida ke foun iha historia Timor-Leste nian. Komesa iha 1975 wainhira Portugez husik hela Timor-Lesta, depois mai fali iha tempu okupasaun militar Indonezia to’o eventu konsulta popular iha 1999. Ikus liu maka krize politika-militar iha 2006. Eventu nebe maka akontese iha Ermera foin dadaun, hanesan kontinuasaun deit husi krize nebe maka akontese tiha ona iha pasadu.

Iha relatoriu ne’e mos FM fo sai katak isu grupu ho kilat ilegal ne’e laos issue bain-bain. Bazea ba dadus nebe maka FM kolekta, FM konklui katak iha duni problema instabilidade ida ke seriu iha rai laran. Maibe to’o oras ne’e dadaun seidauk iha instituisaun governu ida maka fo deklarasaun klaru kona ba grupu ne’e kompostu husi se se no kilat hira maka sira sei iha. Depois de Timor-Leste ukun rasik a’an instituisaun sira ne’e mos seidauk halo esforsu hodi halo rekolha kilat nebe sei namkari iha rai laran.

FM mos fo rekomendasaun balun, mak hanesan, husu  Ministru Defeza e Siguransa atu halo audit kilat iha armajem PNTL ho F-FDTL nian kada tinan tinan liu husi Parlementu Nasional Komisaun B konaba kilat hira mak sei lakon e hira mak iha armajem.

FM rekomenda katak preciza kria sistema informasaun ida ke integradu atu halo ko’ordinasaun ida ke  diak entre membrus PNTL iha distritu tomak, Quartel Geral PNTL iha Dili no Servisu Nasional da Inteligensia (SNI). Koordenasaun mos importante para PNTL atu hasai apelu ruma ba publiku tenke bazea ba dadus konkreta iha tereinu no realidade nebe akontese para atu la bele kria paniku iha povu nia le’et.

FM mos rekomenda katak iha futuru governu tenke fo atensaun makas ba PNTL ba Unidade Polisia Komunitaria atu bele halo sira nia dever no hakbesik liu tan ba komunidade atu bele atende sira nia kazu hodi prevene violensia.

FM mos rekomenda katak iha operasaun saida deit PNTL tenki respeita propriedade komunidade nian, komesa husi ai horis to’o animal[1] nebe maka komunidade sira hakiak.

Atu hatene klean liu konaba asuntu ne’e bele kontaktu Nélson Belo, Direktor Fundasaun Mahein, Atu hetan relatoriu Fundasaun Mahein Nia Lian ne bele asesu husi Web:  www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com ou tlp ba : +670 737 4222

Bele hetan relatorio iha ne’e.


Fundasaun Mahein 7 June 2010

Press Release

Illegal group and illegal weapons in Timor Leste

Fundasaun Mahein is a national NGO whose purpose is to monitor, conduct research, and advocate policy options for the Timorese security sector. This month Fundasaun Mahein (FM), is going to release a report to the public with the title: “Illegal weapons and illegal groups in Timor Leste.” This report will focus on Ninja activities, and the Illegal groups and illegal weapons incident which occurred during February 2010, up to the recent PNTL operations in the districts of Bobonaro and Suai.  This report will also talk about the escalation of rumors that were spread in the community about a confrontation and shootout between an illegal group and the COE (Especial Command Operation) of PNTL on May 16, 2010 in the district of Ermera.

We all know that illegal groups and illegal weapons are not new in the history of Timor Leste.  Many such groups and weapons are left over from when the Portuguese departed in 1975, with the proliferation continuing all throughout the Indonesian military occupation which lasted up to the time of the referendum in 1999.  During the political-military crisis of 2006 we saw again the deployment of illegal weapons to civilians.  We consider the recent Ermera situation, as a sad continuation of the past.

Based on the facts that Fundasaun Mahein has collected, we can conclude that there are serious problems of instability in the nation.  But, at the current time there are no relevant government institutions that have formally declared who belongs to these groups and how many weapons they possess.  After Timor Leste achieved independence, these institutions of government did not make much effort to collect all the illegal weapons still scattered around the country.

FM recommends to both Ministers of Defense and Security for them to order an annual audit of the weapons in the armories of both PNTL and F-FDTL.  This audit should be carried out through the National Parliament Commission B and should include a list of the missing weapons and the existing inventory of weapons in both armories.

Fundasaun Mahein also acknowledges that there is a need for more adequate communication among the security institutions, and recomends the establishment of an intergrated system of sharing information which enables better coordination between PNTL members in the districts, PNTL Headquaters in Dili, and the National Intelligence Service (SNI). This type of coordination is important so that when an annoucement is made by PNTL to the public, it has already been shared with and vetted by other relevant  security institutions, and is based on concrete data, so there is no confusion, and we avoid the possibility of a public panic.

Fundasun Mahein recommends that in the future the Government must give their full attention to PNTL, especialy PNTL’s Community Police Unit and make sure they comply with their duties and establish close links with the community in order to attend to their issues and prevent future conflicts.

FM also highly recommends that in their every day operations, PNTL show full respect to the private property of individuals in the community, including plantations and gardens to pet animals and livestock for which people are the owners and caretakers.

For further information regarding this report, please contact

Nelson Belo, Director, Fundasaun Mahein

www.fundasaunmahein.wordpress.com email.direktor.mahein@gmail.com ,

tlp +670 737 4222

Download the English version here.

MAHEIN NIA LIAN No. 4, 22 Oktober 2009. “Perbatasan dan Keamanan Nasional di Timor-Leste”.

Fundasuan Mahein hakarak atu fo hatene katak ami nia “Mahein Nia Lian” No 4 “Perbatasan dan Keamanan Nasional di Timor-Leste” sei pronto ona.

Atu download click iha ne’e.

mahien_nia_lian_no4_221009.pdf